Ἀρχεῖο κατηγορίας "ΚΟΣΜΟΣ"

ΡΩΣΙΑ καὶ ΟΥΚΡΑΝΙΑ (Πῶς ἑρμηνεύονται οἱ ποικιλότροπες διεισδύσεις τῶν Ρώσων σέ ἄλλα Πατριαρχεῖα καί Αὐτοκέφαλες Ἐκκλησίες καὶ ποῦ ἀποβλέπει ἡ ὑπονόμευση τοῦ Οἰκουμενικοῦ Πατριαρχείου»).

Ρωσία καί Οὐκρανία

Τοῦ Μητροπολίτου Ναυπάκτου καί Ἁγίου Βλασίου Ἱεροθέου

ΠΗΓΗ: parembasis.gr

.             Διάβασα μέ ἐνδιαφέρον τό βιβλίο τῆς Anne Applebaum μέ τίτλο «Ὁ κόκκινος λιμός», δηλαδή «κόκκινη πείνα» καί ὑπότιτλο «ὁ πόλεμος τοῦ Στάλιν ἐναντίον τῆς Οὐκρανίας» (ἐκδ. Ἀλεξάνδρεια, Ὀκτώβριος 2019), σέ μετάφραση τοῦ Μενέλαου Ἀστερίου, καί εἶδα ἄγνωστα σέ μένα, ἀλλά καί σέ πολλούς ἄλλους στοιχεῖα γιά τήν σχέση καί διαφορά μεταξύ Ρωσίας καί Οὐκρανίας καί ὅσα φρικιαστικά γεγονότα ἔγιναν τά ἔτη 1931-1933, μέ τήν λιμοκτονία τοῦ Οὐκρανικοῦ λαοῦ.
.             Ἡ συγγραφεύς τοῦ βιβλίου Anne Applebaum ζῆ στήν Πολωνία καί εἶναι καθηγήτρια στό London School of Economics καί ἔχει γράψει καί ἄλλα βιβλία, μεταξύ τῶν ὁποίων, «Τό σιδηροῦν παραπέτασμα» καί τό «Γκουλάγκ», πού βραβεύθηκαν.
.             Στό κείμενό μου αὐτό θά σημειώσω τέσσερα συγκεκριμένα σημεῖα ἀπό τό ἐνδιαφέρον αὐτό βιβλίο.
.             Τό πρῶτον σημεῖο εἶναι, ποιά εἶναι ἡ ἐθνική καί πολιτιστική ταυτότητα τῆς Οὐκρανίας καί πῶς ἐπιχειρήθηκε ἐκρωσισμός της. Τό δεύτερον σημεῖο εἶναι οἱ οὐκρανικές ἐπαναστάσεις πού ἔγιναν γιά τήν διάσωση τῆς ἐθνικῆς ταυτότητας τῆς Οὐκρανίας. Τό τρίτον σημεῖο εἶναι πῶς οἱ Ρῶσοι κατέστειλαν καί κατέστρεψαν αὐτό τό οὐκρανικό ἐθνικό κίνημα, καί κυρίως τά γεγονότα τῶν ἐτῶν 1931-1933 πού ἀναφέρονται στήν γενοκτονία τοῦ Οὐκρανικοῦ λαοῦ ἀπό τούς Ρώσους μέ τήν λιμοκτονία. Καί αὐτά θά παρουσιασθοῦν περιληπτικά. Στό τέλος θά καταγραφοῦν καί μερικές διαπιστώσεις.

1. Ὁ ἐκρωσισμός τῆς οὐκρανικῆς ἐθνικῆς ταυτότητας

.             Ἤδη ἀπό τήν εἰσαγωγή τοῦ βιβλίου γίνεται λόγος γιά τήν ἰδιαίτερη ἐθνική καί πολιτιστική ταυτότητα τῆς Οὐκρανίας.
.             «Στό τέλος τοῦ μεσαίωνα ὑπῆρχε διακριτή οὐκρανική γλώσσα σλαβικῆς προέλευσης, ἡ ὁποία συγγένευε τόσο μέ τήν πολωνική ὅσο καί μέ τήν ρωσική γλώσσα, ἀλλά καί διέφερε ἀπό αὐτές, ἀκριβῶς ὅπως ἡ ἰταλική γλώσσα συγγενεύει μέ τήν ἰσπανική καί τήν γαλλική γλώσσα, ἀλλά καί διαφέρει ἀπό αὐτές». Οἱ Οὐκρανοί ἔχουν δικά τους ἤθη καί ἔθιμα, παραδόσεις, δικούς τους ἥρωες καί θρύλους.
.             Ἡ Οὐκρανία ἀνῆκε στήν Ρωσική Αὐτοκρατορία ἀπό τόν 18ο ἕως τόν 20ό αἰώνα, ἐνῶ προηγουμένως τά ἐδάφη της ἀνῆκαν στήν Πολωνία, μάλιστα τήν Πολωνολιθουανική Ἕνωση. «Ἀκόμη νωρίτερα τά οὐκρανικά ἐδάφη ἦταν πυρῆνας τοῦ “βασιλείου τῶν Ρώς”». Γράφεται ὅτι «ἡ Οὐκρανία ἦταν ἕνα ἐξιδανικευμένο, ἐναλλακτικό ἔθνος, πιό πρωτόγονο καί ταυτοχρόνως πιό αὐθεντικό, πιό συναισθηματικό, πιό ποιητικό ἀπό ὅ,τι ἡ Ρωσία». Ὅμως, κατά περιόδους τόσο οἱ Πολωνοί ὅσο καί οἱ Ρῶσοι ἐπιδίωκαν «νά ὑπονομεύσουν ἤ νά ἀρνηθοῦν τήν ὕπαρξη οὐκρανικοῦ ἔθνους».
.             Ἡ Τσαρική Αὐτοκρατορία ἐπιδίωκε νά ἐκρωσίση τήν Οὐκρανία. Ὁ Τσάρος Ἀλέξανδρος Α΄ στήν πρώτη μεγάλη ἐκπαιδευτική μεταρύθμιση πού ἔγινε στήν Ρωσική Αὐτοκρατορία, ἀπέτρεψε νά χρησιμοποιοεῖται στά Σχολεῖα ἡ οὐκρανική γλώσσα μέ τό ἐπιχείρημα ὅτι δέν εἶναι γλώσσα, ἀλλά διάλεκτος. Αὐτό, βεβαίως, θά τό συνεχίσουν ἀργότερα καί οἱ Μπολσεβίκοι πράγμα πού περιόριζε «τήν ἐπιρροή τοῦ ἐθνικοῦ κινήματος καί ὁδήγησε στόν “ἀναλφαβητισμό”, ἀλλά, βέβαια, καί στόν “ἐκρωσισμό”».
«Μέχρι τήν Ἐπανάσταση τοῦ 1917 ἡ ἐργασία στή δημόσια διοίκηση, τά ἐλεύθερα ἐπαγγέλματα καί τήν ἐπιχειρηματική δραστηριότητα ἀπαιτοῦσαν παιδεία στή ρωσική γλώσσα καί ὄχι στήν οὐκρανική. Στήν πράξη αὐτό σήμαινε ὅτι οἱ Οὐκρανοί πού ἦταν πολιτικά, οἰκονομικά ἤ πνευματικά φιλόδοξοι ἔπρεπε νά γνωρίζουν τή ρωσική γλώσσα».
.             Τό ρωσικό Κράτος ἐμπόδιζε κάθε ἀναβίωση τοῦ οὐκρανικοῦ ἐθνικοῦ κινήματος, ἀπέκλειε τίς οὐκρανικές ὀργανώσεις ἀπό τήν κοινωνία τῶν πολιτῶν καί ἀπό τούς κρατικούς θεσμούς. Μάλιστα, ὁ Τσάρος Ἀλέξανδρος Β΄ τό ἔτος 1876 «ἐξέδωσε διάταγμα πού ἔθετε ἐκτός νόμου οὐκρανικά βιβλία καί περιοδικά καί ἀπαγόρευε τή χρήση τῆς οὐκρανικῆς γλώσσας στά θέατρα, ἀκόμη καί στή μουσική λιμπρέτα», κείμενα ὄπερας.
.             Ὁ ἴδιος Τσάρος ἀπηγόρευσε τίς νέες ἐθελοντικές ὀργανώσεις μέ οὐκρανική ταυτότητα, ἐνῶ ἀντίθετα ἐπιχορηγοῦσε φιλορωσικές ἐφημερίδες καί ὀργανώσεις. Αὐτός ὁ ἐκρωσισμός τῶν Οὐκρανῶν ἐπεξετεινόταν καί στήν ἐκβιομηχάνιση, ἀφοῦ οἱ Ρῶσοι ἐνίσχυαν τήν κατασκευή ἐργοστασίων στίς οὐκρανικές πόλεις, ἀπό ἄλλα μέρη τῆς Ρωσικῆς Αὐτοκρατορίας. Ἔτσι, «τό 1917 μόλις τό ἕνα πέμπτο τῶν κατοίκων τοῦ Κιέβου μιλοῦσε οὐκρανικά».
.             Μέ ὅλους αὐτούς τούς τρόπους ἡ Τσαρική Ρωσία, πρίν ἐπικρατήσει ὁ κομμουνισμός στήν Ρωσία, προσπαθοῦσε νά ἀποδομήση τήν οὐκρανική ἐθνική παράδοση καί ταυτότητα, ἐπιχειροῦσε τόν ἐκρωσισμό τοῦ οὐκρανικοῦ λαοῦ. Φυσικά αὐτό δέν γινόταν σέ ἕνα κλίμα ἀπάθειας τῶν Οὐκρανῶν, γι’ αὐτό «συχνά ξεσποῦσαν ἀντιπαραθέσεις ἀνάμεσα σέ Ρώσους καί Οὐκρανούς ἐργάτες (στά ἐργοστάσια στά ὁποῖα μιλοῦνταν ἡ ρωσική γλώσσα), οἱ ὁποῖες μερικές φορές ἔπαιρναν “τή μορφή τῶν πιό ἄγριων μαχαιρωμάτων” καί μαζικῶν βίαιων συγκρούσεων».

2. Οἱ οὐκρανικές ἐπαναστάσεις γιά τήν συγκρότηση Κράτους

.             Ὅταν κατέρρευσε ἡ Ρωσική Αὐτοκρατορία τό 1917 καί ἡ Αὐστροουγγρική Αὐτοκρατορία τό 1918, τότε πολλοί Οὐκρανοί σκέφθηκαν νά ἐγκαθιδρύσουν ἕνα ἀνεξάρτητο Οὐκρανικό Κράτος. Ἔγιναν διάφορες αἱματηρές συγκρούσεις μέ τούς Πολωνούς καί τούς Ρώσους καί τελικά οἱ πολιτικοί πού συγκεντρώθηκαν τό 1919 στίς Βερσαλίες καί χάραξαν τά σύνορα τῶν νέων Κρατῶν, δηλαδή τῆς Πολωνίας, τῆς Αὐστρίας, τῆς Τσεχοσλοβακίας καί τῆς Γιουγκοσλαβίας, δέν συμπεριέλαβαν καί τήν Οὐκρανία.
.             Πάντως, τήν 1η Ἀπριλίου τοῦ ἔτους 1917 τό οὐκρανικό ἐθνικό κίνημα ἔκανε μεγάλη διαδήλωση μέ συνθήματα, ὅπως «ἐλεύθερη Οὐκρανία σέ μιά ἐλεύθερη Ρωσία», δηλαδή ζητοῦσαν αὐτονομία. Οἱ διαδηλωτές, παιδιά, στρατιῶτες, ἐργάτες, μπάντες μουσικές, καί ἀξιωματοῦχοι κρατοῦσαν μπλέ καί κίτρινες σημαῖες γιά τήν Οὐκρανία καί κόκκινες σημαῖες γιά τόν σοσιαλισμό, καί συγχρόνως κρατοῦσαν πανώ μέ αὐτονομιστικά συνθήματα, ὅπως τό πιό πάνω. Πίστευαν ὅτι μέ τήν πτώση τοῦ Τσαρισμοῦ οἱ Μπολσεβίκοι θά βοηθοῦσαν τήν συγκρότηση τοῦ οὐκρανικοῦ Κράτους.
.             Τότε συγκροτήθηκε τό «Κεντρικό Συμβούλιο» πού διεκδικοῦσε νά κυβερνήση τήν ἐλεύθερη Οὐκρανία. Ἱδρύθηκε ἡ Ἀκαδημία Καλῶν Τεχνῶν, πού σχεδίασε ἕνα οὐκρανικό οἰκόσημο, χαρτονομίσματα καί γραμματόσημα. Συγκροτήθηκε ἡ οὐκρανική Κυβέρνηση. Ἔγιναν διάφορες Οἰκουμενικές Διακηρύξεις πού κήρυσσαν τήν «αὐτονομία» τῆς Οὐκρανίας καί τελικά κήρυξαν «τήν ἀνεξαρτησία τῆς Ἐθνικῆς Δημοκρατίας τῆς Οὐκρανίας» καί καλοῦσαν τόν λαό γιά ἐκλογές γιά συντακτική συνέλευση.
.             Τήν περίοδο αὐτή «ἡ οὐκρανική γλώσσα ἔγινε καί πάλι συνώνυμο τῆς οἰκονομικῆς καί πολιτικῆς ἀπελευθέρωσης» καί ἡ «δημόσια χρήση τῆς μητρικῆς γλώσσας ἔγινε ἐπίσης πηγή περηφάνιας». Τυπώθηκαν βιβλία ἀφιερωμένα στήν οὐκρανική γλώσσα.
Ἐπίσης, ἡ νέα Οὐκρανική Κυβέρνηση εἶχε μερικές διπλωματικές ἐπιτυχίες, ὅπως τό ὅτι «μετά τήν ἀνακήρυξη τῆς ἀνεξαρτησίας τῆς Οὐκρανίας, στίς 26 Ἰανουαρίου 1918», ὁ Ὑπουργός Ἐξωτερικῶν τῆς Δημοκρατίας τῆς Οὐκρανίας «ἐξασφάλισε τήν de facto ἀναγνώριση τοῦ Κράτους του ἀπό ὅλες τίς κύριες Εὐρωπαϊκές δυνάμεις», μεταξύ τῶν ὁποίων ἦταν ἡ Γαλλία, ἡ Μεγάλη Βρετανία, ἡ Αὐστροουγγαρία, ἡ Γερμανία, ἡ Βουλγαρία, ἡ Τουρκία, ἀκόμα καί ἡ Σοβιετική Ρωσία. Ἐπίσης, οἱ Ἡνωμένες Πολιτεῖες ἔστειλαν διπλωμάτη γιά νά ἀνοίξη Προξενεῖο στό Κίεβο.
.             Ὅμως, ὁ Κόκκινος Στρατός σχεδίαζε νά καταλάβη τήν Οὐκρανία. Ἔτσι, «ὁ Λένιν ἐνέκρινε τήν πρώτη σοβιετική ἐπίθεση ἐναντίον τῆς Οὐκρανίας τόν Ἰανουάριο τοῦ 1918 καί τόν Φεβρουάριο συγκρότησε στό Κίεβο ἕνα βραχύβιο ἀντιουκρανικό καθεστώς». Οἱ Μπολσεβίκοι ἀπεχθάνονταν τήν ἰδέα τῆς οὐκρανικῆς ἀνεξαρτησίας, διότι τήν θεωροῦσαν ὡς «νοτιοδυτική Ρωσία», ὅπως διδάχθηκαν κατά τήν Ρωσική Τσαρική Αὐτοκρατορία.
.             Ὁ Στάλιν τόν Ὀκτώβριο τοῦ 1917, ὡς Λαϊκός Ἐπίτροπος ὑπεύθυνος γιά τίς Ἐθνότητες στήν πρώτη μπολσεβίκικη Κυβέρνηση, εἶχε γιά τήν Οὐκρανία δύο ἄμεσες προτεραιότητες. «Ἡ πρώτη ἦταν νά ὑπονομεύση τό Ἐθνικό Κίνημα, πού ἦταν σαφῶς ὁ σημαντικότερος ἀντίπαλος τῶν μπολσεβίκων στήν Οὐκρανία. Ἡ δεύτερη ἦταν νά ἀποκτήση τόν ἔλεγχο τῶν σιτηρῶν τῆς Οὐκρανίας».
.             Τό σχέδιο ἦταν νά ἀποσταθεροποιηθῆ ἡ Οὐκρανική Κυβέρνηση, πράγμα πού ἔγινε μέ τό πραξικόπημα, καί ὅταν αὐτό ἀπέτυχε δημιουργήθησαν μιά «Ἐναλλακτική» Κεντρική Ἐκτελεστική Ἐπιτροπή τῆς Οὐκρανίας καί ὕστερα μιά «σοβιετική κυβέρνηση» στό Χάρκοβο, μιά ρωσόφωνη πόλη. Ἀπό τήν πόλη αὐτή ὁ Κόκκινος Στρατός πέρασε στόν Νότο καί μαζί μέ τήν κατάληψή του ἐκτελοῦσαν τούς ὑπόπτους ἐθνικιστές. Ἔτσι, οἱ ἄνδρες τοῦ στρατηγοῦ Μιχαήλ Μουραβιόφ «πυροβολοῦσαν ὅποιον ἄκουαν νά μιλᾶ οὐκρανικά δημοσίως καί κατέστρεψαν τά σημάδια τῆς οὐκρανικῆς ἐξουσίας, ὅπως τίς οὐκρανικές πινακίδες στούς δρόμους, οἱ ὁποῖες εἶχαν ἀντικαταστήσει τίς ρωσικές μόλις μερικές ἑβδομάδες νωρίτερα». Ἔγινε καί ἄλλη ἐξέγερση τῶν Οὐκρανῶν τό ἔτος 1919 καί ἀκολούθησαν σφαγές ἐκατέρωθεν.
.             Ἑπομένως, οἱ Οὐκρανοί ὅλα αὐτά τά χρόνια ἤθελαν νά διατηρήσουν τήν οὐκρανική ἐθνική ταυτότητά τους, ἐνῶ πρῶτα ἡ Τσαρική Αὐτοκρατορία καί ἀργότερα οἱ Μπολσεβίκοι προσπαθοῦσαν νά ἐξαφανίσουν τήν ἐθνική ταυτότητα τῶν Οὐκρανῶν καί νά τούς ἐκρωσίσουν.
.             Ὅταν οἱ Μπολσεβίκοι γιά δεύτερη φορά ἔφθασαν στό Κίεβο ἀκολούθησαν τήν τακτική τῶν Τσάρων. «Ἀπαγόρευσαν τίς οὐκρανικές ἐφημερίδες, σταμάτησαν τήν χρησιμοποίηση τῆς οὐκρανικῆς γλώσσας στά σχολεῖα καί ἔκλεισαν τά οὐκρανικά θέατρα». Προχώρησαν σέ συλλήψεις Οὐκρανῶν διανοουμένων, οἱ ὁποῖοι κατηγοροῦνταν ὅτι ἦταν ὑπέρ τῆς “ἀπόσχισης” τῆς Οὐκρανίας».

3. Τά γεγονότα τῶν ἐτῶν 1931-1933

.             Ὁ κύριος ὄγκος τοῦ βιβλίου περιστρέφεται στήν περιγραφή τῶν γεγονότων πού συνέβησαν τήν περίοδο 1931-1933. Ἡ κολλεκτιβοποίηση καί ἡ συγκέντρωση τῶν σιτηρῶν ἐπέφερε μεγάλη πείνα στόν λαό. Δέν εἶναι εὔκολο νά καταγραφοῦν ἐδῶ ὅσα περιγράφονται στό συγκλονιστικό αὐτό βιβλίο.
.             Συγκεκριμένα τό βιβλίο «ὁ κόκκινος λιμός» ἀναφέρεται στήν πολιτική τοῦ Στάλιν, ὁ ὁποῖος «ἐγκαινίασε τήν κολλεκτιβοποίηση τῆς γεωργίας», πού θεωρεῖται μιά «δεύτερη ρωσική ἐπανάσταση», ἡ ὁποία ἐξανάγκασε «ἑκατομμύρια ἀγρότες νά ἀποποιηθοῦν τήν γῆ τους καί ἐνταχθοῦν σέ κολχόζ».
.             Τήν περίοδο μεταξύ τῶν ἐτῶν1931-33 στήν Σοβιετική Ἕνωση πέθαναν ἀπό πείνα (λιμό) πέντε ἑκατομμύρια ἄνθρωποι, ἀπό τά ὁποῖα πάνω ἀπό τρία ἑκατομμύρια ἦταν Οὐκρανοί. Ἔτσι ἐξηγεῖται ὁ τίτλος τοῦ βιβλίου «ὁ κόκκινος λιμός».
.             Σέ πολλά κεφάλαια περιγράφονται ὅλα τά συνταρακτικά γεγονότα πού προῆλθαν ἀπό τίς ἐνέργειες τοῦ Στάλιν, τά ὁποῖα ἡ συγγραφεύς βρῆκε σέ ἀρχεῖα καί τά παρουσιάζει ἀναλυτικά. Ὅπως σημειώνεται στόν Πρόλογο «τό κεντρικό θέμα τοῦ βιβλίου εἶναι πιό συγκεκριμένο: Τί συνέβη πραγματικά στήν Οὐκρανία ἀπό τό 1917 ἕως τό 1934; Ἰδίως τί συνέβη τό φθινόπωρο, τόν χειμώνα καί τήν ἄνοιξη τοῦ 1932-1933; Ποιά ἀλυσίδα γεγονότων καί ποιά νοοτροπία ὁδήγησαν στόν λιμό; Ποιός ἦταν ὑπεύθυνος; Πῶς αὐτό τό τρομερόν συμβάν ἐντάσσεται στήν εὑρύτερη ἱστορία τῆς Οὐκρανίας καί τοῦ οὐκρανικοῦ ἐθνικοῦ κινήματος;».
.             Τό κεφάλαιο «Λιμοκτονία: ἄνοιξη καί καλοκαίρι, 1933» καταγράφει μέ συγκλονιστικό τρόπο τίς συνέπειες τῆς πείνας στόν Οὐκρανικό λαό, πού ἦταν οἱ ἀσθένειες, οἱ θάνατοι, τά ἐγκλήματα, οἱ διαταραχές στόν ψυχισμό τῶν ἀνθρώπων, ἡ γενική ἀδιαφορία, τά πτώματα πού βρίσκονταν στούς δρόμους, οἱ κανιβαλισμοί.
.             Πρέπει κανείς νά ἔχη μεγάλη ψυχική δύναμη γιά νά διαβάση αὐτό τό κεφάλαιο. Εἶναι φρικιαστικά ὅσα συνέβησαν καί περιγράφονται ρεαλιστικά.
.             Ὁ Πολωνοεβραῖος δικηγόρος Ραφαήλ Λέμκιν, ὁ ὁποῖος ἐπινόησε τόν ὅρο «γενοκτονία», θεωροῦσε τήν Οὐκρανία αὐτῆς τῆς περιόδου ὡς κλασσικό παράδειγμα “γενοκτονίας”». Προσπάθησαν νά ἀφανίσουν ἕναν ὁλόκληρο λαό.
.             Τά κεφάλαια τοῦ βιβλίου πού ἀναφέρονται στό θέμα τοῦ λιμοῦ-πείνας εἶναι τά ἑξῆς:
«Λιμός καί ἐκεχειρία: ἡ δεκαετία τοῦ ’20». «Ἡ διπλῆ κρίση, 1927-1929». «Κολεκτιβοποίηση: ἐπανάσταση στήν ὕπαιθρο, 1930». «Ἐξέγερση, 1930». «Ἡ κολεκτιβοποίηση ἀποτυγχάνει, 1931-1932». «Ἀποφάσεις γιά τόν λιμό, 1932: ἐπιτάξεις, μαῦρες λίστες καί σύνορα». «Ἀποφάσεις γιά τόν λιμό, 1932: τό τέλος τῆς οὐκρανοποίησης». «Ἀποφάσεις γιά τόν λιμό, 1932: οἱ ἔρευνες καί οἱ ἐρευνητές». «Λιμοκτονία»: ἄνοιξη καί καλοκαίρι, 1933». «Τά ἐπακόλουθα τοῦ λιμοῦ». «Ἡ συγκάλυψη». «Τό χολοντομόρ στήν ἱστορία καί τή μνήμη».
.             Σέ ἄλλο Κεφάλαιο μέ τίτλο «Ἐπιβίωση: ἄνοιξη καί κολοκαίρι, 1933» περιγράφεται ἡ προσπάθεια τῶν Οὐκρανῶν νά ἐπιβιώσουν.
.             Συγκλονιστικό εἶναι καί τό Κεφάλαιο «Τά ἐπακόλουθα τοῦ λιμοῦ».
.             Δέν εἶναι δυνατόν νά καταγραφοῦν ἐδῶ ἀκόμη καί μερικά συγκλονιστικά περιστατικά, ἀπό τό βιβλίο αὐτό.

4. Διαπιστώσεις

.             Βέβαια, σκοπός τοῦ σύντομου αὐτοῦ κειμένου μου δέν εἶναι νά παρουσιάση τά σχετικά μέ τόν λιμό-πείνα αὐτῆς τῆς περιόδου στήν Οὐκρανία, πού προκάλεσε ἡ πολιτική τῆς Σοβιετικῆς Ἕνωσης, ἀλλά νά δείξη πῶς ταπεινώθηκε ἕνας λαός πού ἤθελε τήν ἐθνική του ταυτότητα καί ἀνεξαρτησία.
.             Ἡ συγγραφεύς γράφει: «Ὅμως τό 1991 ὑλοποιήθηκαν οἱ χειρότεροι φόβοι τοῦ Στάλιν. Ἡ Οὐκρανία κήρυξε τήν ἀνεξαρτησία της. Ἡ Σοβιετική Ἕνωση ἔπαψε νά ὑπάρχει, ἐν μέρει ὡς ἀποτέλεσμα τῆς ἀπόφασης τῆς Οὐκρανίας νά ἀποσχισθεῖ. Γιά πρώτη φορά στήν ἱστορία δημιουργήθηκε μιά κυρίαρχη Οὐκρανία, μαζί μέ μιά νέα γενιά Οὐκρανῶν ἱστορικῶν, ἀρχειοθετῶν, δημοσιογράφων καί ἐκδοτῶν» οἱ ὁποῖοι ἔφεραν στό φῶς ὅλη αὐτή τήν ἱστορία τῆς λιμοκτονίας τοῦ οὐκρανικοῦ λαοῦ τά ἔτη 1932-1933.
.             Στόν Ἐπίλογο τοῦ βιβλίου καταγράφονται μερικές διαπιστώσεις τῆς συγγραφέως. Θά παρατεθοῦν μερικές ἀπό αὐτές.
.             «Ἡ μελέτη τοῦ λιμοῦ βοηθᾶ νά ἐξηγήσουμε τήν σημερινή Οὐκρανία, ἀλλά προσφέρει ἐπίσης ἕναν ἑρμηνευτικό ὁδηγό γιά πλευρές τῆς συμπεριφορᾶς τῆς σημερινῆς Ρωσίας, πολλές ἀπό τίς ὁποῖες ἀποτελοῦν μέρος παλαιοτέρων προτύπων. Ἀπό τήν ἐποχή τῆς ἐπανάστασης οἱ μπολσεβίκοι ἤξεραν ὅτι ἦταν μειοψηφία στήν Οὐκρανία. Γιά νά καθυποτάξουν τήν πλειοψηφία, δέν χρησιμοποίησαν μόνο ἀκραία βία ἀλλά καί κακόβουλες καί ἐπιθετικές μορφές προπαγάνδας. Πρίν ἀπό τόν λιμό εἶχε προηγηθεῖ μιά δεκαετία “φρασεολογίας μίσους”, μέ βάση τήν ὁποία μερικοί χαρακτηρίζονταν “νομιμόφρονες” Σοβιετικοί πολίτες καί κάποιοι ἄλλοι κουλάκοι “ἐχθροί”, προνομιοῦχα τάξη ἡ ὁποία θά ἔπρεπε νά ἀφανιστεῖ γιά νά ἀνοίξει ὁ δρόμος γιά τήν ἐπανάσταση τοῦ λαοῦ. Αὐτή ἡ ἰδεολογική φρασεολογία δικαιολογοῦσε τή συμπεριφορά τῶν ἀνδρῶν καί τῶν γυναικῶν πού διευκόλυναν τόν λιμό, τῶν ἀνθρώπων πού ἔπαιρναν τά τρόφιμα ἀπό λιμοκτονοῦσες οἰκογένειες, τῶν ἀστυνομικῶν πού συνελάμβαναν καί σκότωναν συμπολίτες τους. Παρεῖχε ἐπίσης σέ ὅλους αὐτούς ἠθική καί πολιτική αἰτιολόγηση τῶν πράξεών τους. Ἐλάχιστοι ἀπό ἐκείνους πού ὀργάνωσαν τόν λιμό ἔνιωθαν ἔνοχοι γιά τίς πράξεις τους. Ἦταν πεισμένοι ὅτι οἱ θνήσκοντες ἀγρότες ἦταν “ἐχθροί τοῦ λαοῦ”, ἐπικίνδυνοι ἐγκληματίες πού ἔπρεπε νά ἐξαλειφθοῦν στό ὄνομα τῆς προόδου».
.           Σέ ἄλλο σημεῖο γράφεται: «Ὁ ἐκρωσισμός πού ἀκολούθησε τόν λιμό ἄφησε ἐπίσης τά σημάδια του. Ἐπειδή ἡ ΕΣΣΔ κατέστρεψε συστηματικά τήν οὐκρανική κουλτούρα καί μνήμη, πολλοί Ρῶσοι δέν ἀντιμετωπίζουν τήν Οὐκρανία ὡς ξεχωριστό ἔθνος μέ τή δική του ξεχωριστή ἱστορία. Πολλοί Εὐρωπαῖοι μόλις πού γνωρίζουν ἀμυδρά τήν ὕπαρξη τῆς Οὐκρανίας. Τά αἰσθήματα πίστης καί ἀφοσίωσης τῶν ἰδίων τῶν Οὐκρανῶν εἶναι μικτά καί συγκεχυμένα».
.             Καί τό βιβλίο τελειώνει μέ τήν ἑξῆς διαπίστωση: «Ἡ ἱστορία περικλείει ἐλπίδες καί τραγωδίες. Τελικά ἡ Οὐκρανία δέν καταστράφηκε. Ἡ οὐκρανική γλώσσα δέν ἐξαφανίστηκε. Δέν ἐξαφανίστηκε οὔτε ἡ ἐπιθυμία γιά ἀνεξαρτησία οὔτε ἡ ἐπιθυμία γιά δημοκρατία ἤ γιά μιά πιό δίκαιη κοινωνία ἤ γιά ἕνα οὐκρανικό κράτος πού νά ἐκπροσωπεῖ πραγματικά τούς Οὐκρανούς. Ὅταν αὐτό ἔγινε ἐφικτό, οἱ Οὐκρανοί ἐξέφρασαν τίς ἐπιθυμίες τους. Ὅταν τούς ἐπιτράπηκε νά τό κάνουν τό 1991, ψήφισαν στήν συντριπτική πλειοψηφία τους ὑπέρ τῆς ἀνεξαρτησίας. Ὅπως διακηρύσσει ὁ ἐθνικός ὕμνος, ἡ Οὐκρανία δέν πέθανε.
.             Τελικά ὁ Στάλιν ἀπέτυχε. Τή δεκαετία τοῦ ’30 ἐξοντώθηκε μιά γενιά Οὐκρανῶν διανοουμένων καί πολιτικῶν, ἀλλά ἡ κληρονομιά τους ἐπιβίωσε. Τή δεκαετία τοῦ ’60 ἀναζωογονήθηκαν οἱ ἐθνικές βλέψεις, συνδεδεμένες, ὅπως στό παρελθόν, μέ τίς βλέψεις γιά ἐλευθερία. Αὐτές οἱ βλέψεις διατηρήθηκαν, ἄν καί χωρίς νά ἐκφράζονται λόγω τῆς καταπίεσης, τίς δεκαετίες τοῦ ’70 καί τοῦ ’80 καί ἐκφράστηκαν ἀνοιχτά τή δεκαετία τοῦ ’90. Μιά νέα γενιά Οὐκρανῶν διανοουμένων καί ἀκτιβιστῶν ἐπανεμφανίστηκε τήν δεκαετία τοῦ 2000.
.             Ἡ ἱστορία τοῦ λιμοῦ εἶναι τραγωδία χωρίς εὐτυχές τέλος. Ὅμως ἡ ἱστορία τῆς Οὐκρανίας δέν εἶναι τραγωδία. Ἑκατομμύρια ἄνθρωποι ἐξοντώθηκαν, ἀλλά τό οὐκρανικό ἔθνος διατηρεῖται. Ἡ μνήμη κατεστάλη, ὅμως τώρα οἱ Οὐκρανοί συζητοῦν καί ἀντιπαρατίθενται γιά τό παρελθόν τους. Τά ἀποτελέσματα ἀπογραφῶν τοῦ πληθυσμοῦ καταστράφηκαν, ἀλλά τώρα τά ἀρχεῖα εἶναι προσβάσιμα.
.             Ὁ λιμός καί τά ἐπακόλουθά του ἄφησαν τρομερά σημάδια. Ὅμως, μολονότι οἱ πληγές παραμένουν, ἑκατομμύρια Οὐκρανοί προσπαθοῦν γιά πρώτη φορά μετά τό 1933 νά τίς ἐπουλώσουν. Ὡς ἔθνος οἱ Οὐκρανοί γνωρίζουν τί συνέβη τόν 20ό αἰώνα, καί αὐτή ἡ γνώση μπορεῖ νά τούς βοηθήσει νά διαμορφώσουν τό μέλλον τους».
.             Διαβάζοντας κανείς αὐτό τό συγκλονιστικό βιβλίο καταλαβαίνει πολύ καλά καί τήν ἐκκλησιαστική πολιτική τοῦ θέματος. Καταλαβαίνει γιατί οἱ Οὐκρανοί μαζί μέ τήν ἀνακήρυξη τῆς ἀνεξαρτησίας τους ἀπό τήν Ρωσία τό 1917, ἀνεκήρυξαν συγχρόνως καί τήν αὐτοκεφαλία τῆς Ἐκκλησίας, τήν ἀποδέσμευσή της ἀπό τήν Ἐκκλησία τῆς Μόσχας, καί αὐτό ἐπαναλήφθηκε καί ἀργότερα τό 1923-1925 καί τό 1942, καί τό ζητοῦσαν ἀπό τό 1991.
.             Ἔτσι, ἀντιλαμβάνεται κανείς γιατί σέ κάθε ἀνακήρυξη τῆς ἐκκλησιαστικῆς αὐτοκεφαλίας στήν Οὐκρανία ἀκολουθοῦσαν ἀντιδράσεις ἀπό τήν Ἐκκλησία τῆς Μόσχας. Ἀκόμη ἐξηγεῖται γιατί μερικοί Οὐκρανοί διέκοψαν κάθε ἐξάρτηση ἀπό τήν Ἐκκλησία τῆς Μόσχας καί προχώρησαν σέ αὐτοχειροτονίες. Καθώς, ἐπίσης, ἔτσι καταλαβαίνει κανείς ὅτι ἡ πολιτική τῆς Μόσχας ὁδήγησε μιά ὁμάδα Χριστιανῶν νά ζητήσουν προστασία ἀπό τόν Πάπα καί σχηματίσθηκε ἡ Οὐνία στήν Οὐκρανία. Ὅπως, ἐπίσης, ἀντιλαμβάνεται πῶς μποροῦν νά ἑρμηνευθοῦν οἱ ποικιλότροπες διεισδύσεις τῶν Ρώσων σέ ἄλλα Πατριαρχεῖα καί Αὐτοκέφαλες Ἐκκλησίες, πολύ περισσότερο σέ τί ἀποβλέπει ἡ ὑπονόμευση τοῦ Οἰκουμενικοῦ Πατριαρχείου.
.             Ἔτσι ἐξηγεῖται ὅτι στίς 27-1-2015 μέ Διάταγμα τοῦ Οὐκρανικοῦ Κοινοβουλίου ἡ Ρωσία θεωρήθηκε ὡς «Ἐπιθετικό Κράτος». Γι’ αὐτό πολλοί Οὐκρανοί θεωροῦν ὅτι ἐκεῖνοι πού μνημονεύουν τόν Πατριάρχη Μόσχας ἐκλαμβάνονται ὡς «Ἐκκλησία τοῦ Ἐπιθετικοῦ Κράτους» ἤ ἀκόμη ὡς «Ἐκκλησία τοῦ κατακτητῆ» ἤ ὡς «ξένος» ἐκκλησιαστικός ὀργανισμός (Καθηγητής Κυριάκος Κυριαζόπουλος).
.             Δυστυχῶς ἀλλά συνήθως τά ἐκκλησιαστικά προβλήματα συνδέονται στενά μέ τίς πολιτικές ἐξελίξεις, εἴτε προηγοῦνται εἴτε ἕπονται, καί δέν μποροῦν νά ἑρμηνευθοῦν ἀνεξάρτητα ἀπό αὐτές.
.             Πάντως, διαβάζοντας κανείς αὐτό τό βιβλίο βλέπει στήν Οὐκρανία ἕναν λαό πού ἀναζητοῦσε ἀπό τήν Τσαρική ἀκόμη Αὐτοκρατορία μέχρι τό 1990 νά διαφυλάξη τήν ἐθνική του ταυτότητα καί νά ἐπιτύχη τήν ἀνεξαρτησία του. Καί οἱ προσπάθειες αὐτές καταπνίγονταν στό αἷμα. Πρόκειται, λοιπόν, γιά ἕναν λαό πού ζητοῦσε καί ζητᾶ τήν ἐθνική, πολιτική καί ἐκκλησιαστική ἀνεξαρτησία του. Μακάρι νά τό καταλάβουν αὐτό μερικοί κοντόφθαλμοι ἐκκλησιαστικοί καί μή παράγοντες.

 

Νοέμβριος 2019

 

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Τριάντα χρόνια πέρασαν….

Τοῦ Γιώργου Ν. Παπαθανασόπουλου

.           Τριάντα χρόνια πέρασαν ἀπὸ τὸ γκρέμισμα τοῦ τείχους τοῦ Βερολίνου. Τὸ τεῖχος κατασκεύασε τὸ ΚΚ τῆς Ἀνατολικῆς Γερμανίας μὲ τὴν ἐπίνευση τοῦ Κομμουνιστικοῦ Κόμματος τῆς Σοβιετικῆς Ἕνωσης. Ἡ δικαιολογία; Νὰ ἐμποδίσουν τοὺς ἰμπεριαλιστὲς νὰ διεισδύσουν στὴ χώρα καὶ νὰ μολύνουν τὸν λαό, ποὺ εὐτυχοῦσε… Τὸ τεῖχος τοῦ Βερολίνου κατασκευάστηκε τὸν Αὔγουστο τοῦ 1961. Ἔπεσε ἀπὸ τοὺς πολίτες στὶς 9 Νοεμβρίου τοῦ 1989.
.           Τὸ τεῖχος ἐθεωρεῖτο ἀξεπέραστο. Ἦταν μία σύνθετη κατασκευὴ ὕψους 3,6 μέτρων, μὲ παράλληλη τοποθέτηση καλωδιωτῶν πλεγμάτων. Φυλασσόταν μὲ 14.000 φύλακες, 302 παρατηρητήρια καὶ 600 σκυλιά. Σὲ αὐτὰ τὰ 28 χρόνια ἐπιχείρησαν νὰ περάσουν ἀπὸ τὸ τεῖχος πρὸς τὴν «καπιταλιστικὴ κόλαση» 400 ἄνθρωποι κάθε ἡλικίας. Ἀπὸ αὐτοὺς 216 πέτυχαν νὰ διαφύγουν, χρησιμοποιώντας καταπληκτικὰ τεχνάσματα, ποὺ ἔχουν καταγραφεῖ σὲ βιβλία. 86 φονεύθηκαν προτοῦ περάσουν. Οἱ ὑπόλοιποι συνελήφθησαν καὶ ὑπέστησαν φρικτὰ βασανιστήρια.
.           Τριάντα χρόνια πέρασαν… Ἡ πτώση τοῦ τείχους ἔγινε ἀπὸ τὸ λαό, χωρὶς νὰ χυθεῖ μία σταγόνα αἵματος, χωρὶς νὰ ἀντιδράσουν τὰ κομμουνιστικὰ καθεστῶτα, χωρὶς νὰ παρέμβουν τὰ σοβιετικὰ στρατεύματα, ποὺ στάθμευαν στὶς χῶρες – δορυφόρους τῆς ΕΣΣΔ. Τὸν Νοέμβριο τοῦ 1989 544.000 σοβιετικοὶ στρατιῶτες στάθμευαν στὴν Ἀνατολικὴ Γερμανία, στὴν Πολωνία, στὴν Τσεχοσλοβακία καὶ στὴν Οὐγγαρία. Ἀπὸ αὐτοὺς οἱ 380.000 βρίσκονταν στὴν Ἀνατολικὴ Γερμανία.
.           Ἀπὸ τὴν πτώση τοῦ Βερολίνου καὶ μέσα σὲ τρεῖς μόνο μῆνες καταρρευσαν ὅλα τὰ κομμουνιστικὰ καθεστῶτα στὴν Εὐρώπη. Νωρίτερα ἀπὸ τὸ τεῖχος τοῦ Βερολίνου καὶ τὴν κατάρρευση τοῦ Κομμουνισμοῦ στὴν Ἀνατολικὴ Γερμανία εἶχαν καταρρεύσει στὴν Οὐγγαρία (Φεβρουάριο – Ὀκτώβριο 1989), καὶ στὴν Πολωνία (Φεβρουάριο – Αὔγουστο 1989). Μετὰ τὴν Ἀνατ. Γερμανία ἡ Βουλγαρία (10 Νοεμβρίου 1989), ἡ Ρουμανία (22 Δεκεμβρίου 1989), ἡ Τσεχοσλοβακία (29 Δεκεμβρίου 1989), καὶ ἡ Γιουγκοσλαβία (Ἰανουάριο 1990). Στὸ τέλος τοῦ 1990 κατέρρευσε τὸ κομμουνιστικὸ καθεστὼς καὶ στὴν Ἀλβανία.
.                Τὸ 1990 καὶ μὲ πρώτη τὴ Λιθουανία καταρρέουν τὰ κομμουνιστικὰ καθεστῶτα στὶς χῶρες, ποὺ βρίσκονταν ὑπὸ τὸ πέλμα τοῦ ΚΚΣΕ καὶ οἱ χῶρες ἀποκτοῦν τὴν ἀνεξαρτησία τους. Τὸν Ἰούλιο τοῦ 1990 διαλύεται τὸ Σύμφωνο τῆς Βαρσοβίας καὶ τὸν Δεκέμβριο τοῦ ἴδιου ἔτους, στὸ Μπέλοβετς ὑπογράφεται ἀπὸ Ρωσία, Οὐκρανία καὶ Λευκορωσία τὸ τέλος τῆς Σοβιετικῆς Ἕνωσης.
.           Τριάντα χρόνια πέρασαν… Σχεδὸν ὅλες οἱ χῶρες, ποὺ ἤσαν γιὰ 45 χρόνια ὑπὸ τὸν κομμουνιστικὸ ὁλοκληρωτισμό, εἶναι μέλη τῆς Εὐρωπαϊκῆς Ἕνωσης καὶ τοῦ ΝΑΤΟ…
.           Τριάντα χρόνια πέρασαν. Οἱ λαοὶ τῆς Εὐρώπης, συμπεριλαμβανομένης τῆς Ρωσίας, ποὺ ἦταν ἡ μήτρα τοῦ ἀπάνθρωπου κομμουνιστικοῦ κινήματος γιὰ 72 χρόνια, ἀντιλήφθηκαν τὴν κόλαση, ποὺ πέρασε ἡ Εὐρώπη κατὰ τὸν εἰκοστὸ αἰώνα ἀπὸ τὸν ναζιστικό, φασιστικὸ καὶ κομμουνιστικὸ ὁλοκληρωτισμό. Τὰ δεκάδες ἑκατομμύρια τῶν θυμάτων αὐτῶν τῶν καθεστώτων βοοῦν μέσα ἀπὸ τοὺς τάφους τους. Στν λλάδα τ ΚΚΕ κα σκληρς δεολογικς πυρήνας το ΣΥΡΙΖΑ δείχνουν τι οδν ντιλήφθηκαν π τν κοσμοϊστορικ λλαγ το 1989. Ἐξακολουθοῦν νὰ πιστεύουν στὴν ὑπὸ τὴν κομματικὴ καθοδήγηση σοσιαλιστικὴ διαχείριση τῶν παραγωγικῶν μέσων, ὅταν ἡ Κίνα ἐφαρμόζει καπιταλιστικὴ οἰκονομία…-

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FROM THE OLD “HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE” TO ITS ANABIOSIS WITH THE ILLUMINATI’S “CREATURE” THE EUROPEAN UNION -2

From the Old “Holy Roman Empire” to its Anabiosis
with the Illuminati’s “Creature” the European Union
(Part II)

by
Dr. John N. Kallianiotis
University of Scranton

FROM THE OLD “HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE” TO ITS ANABIOSIS WITH THE ILLUMINATI’S “CREATURE” THE EUROPEAN UNION -1

«Οἱ γάρ κατ’ ἐκεῖνον τόν χρόνον τήν πόλιν διοικοῦντες κατεστήσαντο πολιτείαν οὐκ ὀνόματι μέν τῷ κοινοτάτῳ καί πραοτάτῳ προσαγορευομένην, ἐπί δέ τῶν πράξεων οὐ τοιαύτην τοῖς ἐντυγχάνουσι φαινομένην, οὐδ’ ἦ τοῦτον τόν τρόπον ἐπαίδευσε τούς πολίτας ὥσθ’ ἡγεῖσθαι τήν ἀκολασίαν δημοκρατίαν, τήν δέ παρανομίαν ἐλευθερίαν, τήν δέ παρρησίαν ἰσονομίαν, τήν δ’ ἐξουσίαν τοῦ ταῦτα ποιεῖν εὐδαιμονίαν, ἀλλά μισοῦσα καί κολάζουσα τούς τοιούτους βελτίους καί σωφρονεστέρους ἅπαντας τούς πολίτας ἐποίησεν.» (Ἰσοκράτης, 436 π. Χ. – 338 π. Χ.)

Α΄. Introduction

The great crisis of Western civilization was a political, economic, social, spiritual, and cultural crisis all in one. The first overt manifestation came with the breakdown in international relations culminating in the First World War, although the symptoms had been building for at least half a century and more accurate since 1789 with the shameful French revolution and its aftereffects persist to the present day. The period of actual collapse lasted less than two decades, from 1914 to 1933. This war disrupted normal social life all over Europe. Reconstruction proved to be no simple matter. The difficulties experienced in all nations; as a result of this destructive war were the currency disorders[1] and the first postwar depression in 1920-1921, partially revealed the extent of the damage to the economic mechanism. Also, disastrous hyperinflations were created in Germany and in many other European nations and later the worldwide depression from 1929 to 1933 that was generated in the U.S. The 20th century began in an atmosphere of optimism, but continued with World War I (1914)[2] and the Bolsheviks revolution imposed on Orthodox Russia (1917) by some anti-Christian German-Jews[3] and brought radical changes in Europe. The catastrophic fake liberalism of the 19th century caused all these problems in the 20th one and efforts started to create international organizations. The creation of the League of Nations (the predecessor of the United Nations) took place on January 10, 1920, where independent nation-states, without surrendering their sovereignty,[4] might work in concert for the maintenance of peace and social progress.

After the destructive World War I and II, European imperialism and colonialism started declining. Nationalism and patriotism became the new idea globally, which upset the world planners; but, they had anticipated it and had created the international institutions and passed specific legislation to impel their plan. In 1948 Jews with the help of Britain and the United States proclaimed the State of Israel and made Chaim Weizmann president and David Ben-Gurion premier.[5] The Zionism movement started in the beginning of 20th century by a Jew, Theodor Herzl (1860-1904), in Austria and was “successful”. Also, the barbarism of Englishmen is old and big towards all the nations and people, Irishmen (IRA),[6] Cypriots (EOKA)[7] and others, but they are over protecting[8] towards Jews and Turks. Their policies towards EU are pro-American and anti-European.[9] The barbarism and criminality of the arrogant Germans against their fellow Europeans is unique in human history.[10] Their hatred against Greece and Hellenes is immense because their haughtiness does not allow them to hear that another country (the small Hellas) is first in everything.[11]

Then, when World War II ended in 1945, the prospects for Western Europe appeared dim. Millions of people had been killed,[12] and property damage had been immense. But, there was hope in God and His Mother (Panagia) because people had a very strong Christian faith. Beneath the ruins, however, there lay the potential for a spectacular economic recovery and a strengthening for their sovereignty of all European nations, but the bankers had in their mind the loans (debts) required for the reconstruction. Of course, the globalists did not abandon their plan to control Europe after the war and in 1957, they came up with their old pseudo-economic “innovation” of the Common Market. The Illuminati were behind of all these destructions to terrorize Europeans and impose on them a European control and soon a global control. This economic recovery came in 1960s and 1970s; but, spiritually and socially Europe has taken a negative trend since that period. With the movement towards European integration, the members’ autarky and national sovereignties have been negatively effaced; thus, the future for European nations and their citizens seems uncertain.[13]

Β΄. The Bloodstained Twentieth Century

 On June 28, 1914, the final crisis began at Sarajevo, the capital of the Austrian province of Bosnia (at that time). A south Slav, Gavrilo Princip (1895-1918), assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand (1863-1914), the heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife.[14] Austria declared war against Serbia on July 28, 1914. Germany was encouraging Austria to move against Serbia, independent of the risk of a general war. (Sic). Russia was determined to back Serbia. On July 30, 1914, Tsar Nicholas II ordered a general mobilization of his armies. Germany declared war on Russia on August 1, 1914. On August 3, 1914, Germany declared war on France. German troops invaded Belgium on August 3, 1914. Great Britain responded by declaring war on Germany on August 4, 1914. All these have led to the outbreak of the First World War. As the Germans advanced in Belgium, the British Expeditionary Force was sent to France. On September 5, 1914, the Germans crossed the Marne River at a point about twelve miles from Paris. The Battle of the Marne ended with the French turning back the German threat to Paris.[15] On March 15, 1917, Tsar Nicholas II asked President Woodrow Wilson for asylum, but he denied it and Nicholas and his family was murdered on July 17, 1918[16] by the Jew Yakov M. Yurovksy during the non-Russian Bolshevik revolution, which started on October 25, 1917.[17] The imposition of communism to the Orthodox Christian Russia was a fabrication by German-Jews (ἡ πληγή τοῦ πλανήτου);[18] Russians were not, are not, and will never become communists, due to their superior value system[19] that received from the Byzantine (Medieval Greek) Empire (Ρωμανία) and preserved it. These German (Jewish) criminal actions against west Europe and Russia are very suspicious, due to its cooperation with the Jews. The worst combination (διασταύρωσις). (Sic).

Unfortunately, for Europe and Europeans, the Rothschild family was directly involved in the Russian Revolution.[20] In 1785, Mayer and his family moved to a larger house, at 148 Judengasse;[21] a five story house known as “The Green Shield”, which they shared with the Schiff family; a “distinguished” rabbinical family. In 1866, Jacob Schiff moved to New York. In 1867, he joined the Budge, Schiff & Company, and in 1875 he leaded the Kuhn, Loeb & Co (and married Solomon Loeb’s daughter). He then directed many important corporations, including: the National City Bank of New York, Equitable Life Assurance Society, Wells Fargo & Company, and the Union Pacific Railroad. (Sic). On December 7, 1895, Lenin was arrested for plotting against Tsar Alexander III and was then imprisoned and later exiled to Eastern Siberia. At exile’s end in 1900, Lenin travelled Russia, Munich, Prague, Vienna, Manchester and finally London; where he co-founded the newspaper Iskra (“Spark”, Σπινθήρ). Leon Trotsky was also arrested in 1898 and also sent to exile to Siberia in 1900. In 1902, he escaped from exile and also moved to London, were he wrote for the Iskra newspaper; where he met Lenin. Then, Trotsky travelled to New York, where in 1917 he got $20 million dollars from Jacob Schiff.[22] It is also believed that along with Schiff’s $20 million, he also received money from: Sir George Buchanan, the Warburgs, the Rockefellers, the partners of J.P. Morgan (with at least $1 million), Olaf Aschberg (of the Nye Bank of Stockholm, Sweden), the Rhine Westphalian Syndicate, a financier named Jovotovsky (whose daughter later married Leon Trotsky), William Boyce Thompson (a director of Chase National Bank who contributed $1 million), and Albert H. Wiggin (President of Chase National Bank). According to Jacob Schiff’s grandson, and as it is shown in a report on file with the State Department, Jacob Schiff (longtime associate of the Rothschilds) not only financed the Communist Revolution in Russia, he also bankrolled the first five year plan for Stalin through his firm, Kuhn Loeb and Co. Schiff spent millions to overthrow the Tsar. He was sending money to Russia long after the true character of the Bolsheviks was known to the world. Schiff raised $10 million, supposedly for Jewish war relief in Russia, but later events revealed it to be a good business investment.[23]

 After all these German (Jewish) “achievements”, in March 1918, the Germans launched a massive offensive in France in a final effort to win the war. The British rushed in reinforcements, and some 2 million American troops, commanded by General John J. “Black Jack” Pershing (1860-1948) began to arrive in France. In April 1918, the Allies established a unified command, headed by Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929), a French general. In mid-July 1918, the French, British, and American armies began a counterattack that marked the beginning of the long offensive that ended the war. The Germans began to retreat along a broad front. On August 8, 1918, the Black Day of the German Army, British tanks scored a major breakthrough near Amiens. On September 30, 1918, they signed an armistice. Turkey capitulated to the Allies on October 30, 1918, and Austria gave up on November 3, 1918. The armistice with Germany was signed on November 11, 1918. World War I resulted in the loss of 10 million military and civilian lives.[24] Another 20 million were wounded. There is a serious social and humane problem, here, with these controlled blood-dripping European (German or just the Illuminati) politicians! How can we trust them now with the creation of this artificial union, which has destroyed the sovereignty of the individual member-nations?

Despite its name, World War I was primarily a European conflict, fought over European issues; but, Illuminati’s objective was to “unite” (occupy) Europe and to terrorize the entire world. The Allies of World War I included, first, the nations of the Triple Entente: France, Russia, and Great Britain; Serbia was also numbered among the Allies. Italy, Rumania, and Greece ultimately supported the Allied cause, as did the United States and Japan. Although the Japanese had no interests at stake in Europe, they hoped to acquire Germany’s concessions in China,[25] as well as the German-held islands in the North Pacific. The Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary, won the support of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire.[26] (sic). On the western front, the fighting in France quickly became stalemated between the invading Germans and the French and British defenders. On the eastern front, the Russians did relatively well against the armies of the Austro-Hungarian empire. By the end of 1916, however, the Germans had effectively ended Russia’s ability to resist although the Russians did not conclude a formal peace treaty with the Central Powers until March 1918.[27] Germany’s campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare against Great Britain brought the United States into the war on the Allied side in April 1917.[28] American participation in the war provided the French and British with what they most needed: manpower. In the summer of 1918, Allied offensives broke the stalemate in France. The Germans were forced to retreat, and the fighting ended with the signing of an armistice in November 1918. The task of making the final peace settlement was in the hands of the Paris Peace Conference, which met in 1919-1920.[29] The statesmen who met in this Conference faced many problems and produced an imperfect settlement.[30] World War I cost tens of millions of lives and did immense physical damage. Also, this war brought the collapse of the German, Austro-Hungarian, the Orthodox Russian, and Ottoman empires.

Also, following World War I, the liberal politicians, who ruled Italy offered few solutions to the nation’s difficult economic and social problems. Benito Mussolini (1883-1945), the leader of the new Fascist movement, took advantage of the country’s mounting chaos to force his way into the premiership. In 1919, Mussolini resumed his turbulent role in Italian politics. In May 1921, Mussolini and thirty-four of his followers won election to the Chamber of Deputies. On October 30, 1922, King Victor Emmanuel III appointed Mussolini to the premiership, after a huge demonstration in the capital, Rome. Once in office, he moved quickly to establish his dictatorship and organized a Fascist party militia, the Black Shirts (squadristi, μελανοχίτωνες), who terrorized socialists, trade unionists, and other opponents. Mussolini’s dream was to establish Italian dominance in the Mediterranean area, thereby creating a modern version of the Roman Empire,[31] but his policy was a record of failure. In 1923, the Italians bombarded and occupied the Greek island of Corfu. Negotiations resulted in a Greek agreement to pay Italy an indemnity, and the Italians withdrew from Corfu.[32] (Sic).

Later, using a combination of effective propaganda, intimidation, and fraud, the Fascists polled 65 percent of the votes in the April 1924 election, winning 375 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (out of 535).[33] Mussolini now formed a new cabinet, composed entirely of Fascists. The Fascists now had solid control of both houses of parliament. The secret police, OVRA, cracked down on political opponents of the Fascist regime. Economically, Italy strove to achieve economic self-sufficiency (autarky), but it was impossible. The Fascist regime sponsored huge public works projects and unemployment was reduced. The production of hydroelectric power was increased substantially. Italy continued to import much of its food. They appreciated the lira and their exports declined.[34] Then, despite Mussolini’s promises, Fascism failed to provide economic prosperity for Italy. Negotiations with Yugoslavia led to a 1924 agreement providing for the Italian annexation of Fiume. In 1926, Italy establishes a protectorate over Muslim Albania. In February 1929 with the Lateran Accord, Italy recognized Vatican City as an independent and sovereign state ruled by the pope.[35] The extreme nationalism of the Fascists expressed itself in a build-up of Italy’s armed forces. In foreign affairs, Mussolini’s bellicose policy ultimately led him into an alliance with Adolf Hitler, the German dictator. As it was mentioned above, Mussolini’s dream was to establish Italian dominance in the Mediterranean area, which he termed “mare nostrum” (our sea), thereby creating a modern version of the forgotten Roman Empire after 17 centuries from its disappearance. Italy also moved to form what amounted to an association of nations discontented with the post-World War I peace settlement, signing treaties with Hungary in 1927 and Austria in 1930 and drawing Bulgaria into Italy’s orbit through the 1930 marriage of an Italian princess to King Boris (1918-1943).[36] Mussolini invaded Greece (October 28, 1940), but he was defeated by the Greek patriots who were defended their homeland with incomparable heroism and with the support of the Holy Protection (Ἁγία Σκέπη).[37] Italy’s failures in the open, unjustified, and unfair World War II brought the collapse of the Fascist dictatorship, the death of Mussolini, and national ruin.[38]

In addition, during the early 1920s, the new German republic survived threats from both regimes the left and the right, as well as a catastrophic hyperinflation in November 1923; the mark stood at 4.2 trillion to the dollar.[39] Germany entered the League of Nations in 1926. Later in the decade, however, the Weimar Republic began to enjoy a degree of political stability, as well as economic prosperity. The Great Depression of the early 1930s proved the Weimar Republic’s undoing and no further reparations payments (ἀποζημιώσεις) were made after 1931. During 1930, banks failed, foreign trade declined, factories closed, and millions of workers became unemployed. As the German economy spiraled downward, the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler won increasing support. Central to Hitler’s thought were his notions of race. He believed in the racial superiority of the Germanic peoples (the Aryan race) and in the inferiority of other races. Hitler also advocated the Pan-German ideology that was popular among many Austrian extremists. Pan-Germanism held the view that all Germans should be united in a single state. In the elections of July 1932, the Nazis emerged as the largest party, polling 37% of the vote and winning 230 seats in the Reichstag. On January 30, 1933, President Hindenburg named Hitler to the chancellorship, with Papen as vice chancellor. After taking office as chancellor, Hitler moved quickly outmaneuvered Papen and the conservative nationalists and established his dictatorship. The Nazis stepped up their harassment of their political opponents, and the March 5, 1933 election was held in an atmosphere of fear and intimidation. Polling 44% of the votes, the Nazis wan 288 seats in the Reichstag. With the support of their Conservative nationalist allies, who held 52 seats, the Nazis controlled a majority of the 647-member Reichstag. The Nazi majority was even more substantial, since none of the 81 Communist deputies were allowed to take their seats.[40] Opposition political parties were eliminated, the free trade unions were abolished, and Germany became a police state.[41]

On March 23, 1933, all independent institutions were subordinated to the authority of Hitler and the Nazi Party. In January 1934, the Reichsrat, the upper house of the parliament, was abolished. On June 30, 1934, Hitler carried out a purge that took the lives of a number of dissident Nazi leaders and other opponents. The influence of Himmler’s SS, which provided the executioners for the purge, increased. Himmler also controlled the Gestapo, the secret police created by the Nazis. Following the death of President Hindenburg on August 2, 1934, Hitler abolished the office of president and assumed the president’s powers. Now, Hitler was in control over Germany’s armed forces. In 1933, the Nazis began a campaign diverted against Jews, who controlled the German economy since 1750.[42] The campaign against the Jews was intensified following the adoption of the Nuremberg Laws of 1935. In 1938, a Jew assassinated a German diplomat in Paris. Then, the Crystal Night (a campaign of violence) started, which led to the Holocaust of World War II.[43] Also, the Nazis attempted to subordinate the Christian churches to their control.[44]  Both Protestant and Catholic leaders sought to avoid direct confrontations with the Nazi regime.[45] The Nazi economic policy was protesting the property and profits of the capitalists. They required the economy to serve the interests of state. Hitler succeeded in reducing unemployment by initiating public works projects, including the construction of superhighways (autobahns), and established the Labor Service to provide jobs for young workers, who could not find employment in the private sector. In 1936, the Four Year Plan was launched with the purpose of promoting economic self-sufficiency and of mobilizing the economy for war.[46]

 Γ΄. Towards the Beginning of the Last Century

Following World War I, both Great Britain and France confronted serious economic problems, which became even more intense during the depression decade of the 1930s. But, this war had been an exhausting experience, both physical and psychological, for Great Britain. The war had been costly in human losses and in economic and financial terms, as well. The national debt had increased by about 1,000%.[47] Nevertheless, both the British and the French maintained their democratic political systems. For Great Britain, the prolonged economic crisis was particularly serious, as the British failed to regain their once dominant position in world trade. The most significant political development in Great Britain was the decline of the Liberal Party and the emergence of Labor as one of the major parties in the British two-party system. This political shift served to make the Conservatives the predominant party for most of the interwar years. However, Great Britain failed to produce leaders of great stature. This is common in the entire West because leaders are completely controlled (masons) by the dark powers; actually, they are followers (pseudo-leaders). The British also confronted imperial problems, as demands for independence mounted in Ireland, Egypt, and India, and the dominions called for greater rights of self-government and reduction of exploitation.

For France, World War I had been a devastating experience. Of the 8 million men mobilized, some 1.4 million had been killed, while over 3 million more had been wounded. France had also suffered immense physical destruction. During the 1920s, the French economy made a better recovery than that of Great Britain, but the world depression of the 1930s hit France particularly hard. The political instability that had characterized the French Third Republic since its founding in 1870 became more serious following World War I. In early 1920s, the National Bloc [Aristide Briand (1862-1932) and Raymond Poincare (1860-1934)] pursued a hard line toward Germany. In May 1924, a Coalition of Socialists and radicals, the Left Cartel (Cartel des Gauches), won the election for the Chamber of Deputies. The government’s financial problems were immense and inflation was also high. Cabinet instability became worse than usual, and from April 1925 to June 1926, there were six cabinets.[48] Also, from December 1932 to February 1934, five weak cabinets, all headed by Radicals, attempted to govern the country.[49] The Popular Front (a Coalition of Radicals, Socialists, and Communists) won a majority in the Chamber of Deputies in the May 1936 and carried out a number of reforms. Labor unions won the right to collective bargaining, and wages were increased by about 12%. The 40-hour workweek and paid vacations for workers were established and lasted until 2009 for the entire Europe, when the controlled Troika pushed EU back to dark ages. Compulsory arbitration of labor-management disputes was instituted. The Bank of France was nationalized, as was some of the armaments industry.[50] The French search for security in the face of a possible German resurgence established a new system of alliances, signing treaties with Belgium in 1920 and Poland in 1921. The French signed alliances with Czechoslovakia in 1924, Rumania in 1926, and Yugoslavia in 1927. Unfortunately, France lacked outstanding leaders and it was deeply divided on the eve of World War II.[51] This phenomenon continues even today, due to the continuing control of the country by the dark powers.[52]

Unfortunately, this dreadful 20th century continued with totalitarianism that covered all attempts at social organization, in which all the resources of the society were devoted. Communism in Russia constituted the most comprehensive and systematic of all the attempts to reconstruct society in the period between the wars.[53] Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) as Italy’s prime minister demanded and obtained from the cowed parliament a year’s grant of dictatorial power. His philosophy was Fascism, an amorphous blend of ideas from a variety of sources, including Hegel, Croce, Nietzsche, Sorel, Pareto, and other “idealist” writers.[54] “Fascism glorified the use of force, upheld war as the noblest human activity, denounced liberalism, democracy, socialism, and individualism, treated material well-being with disdain, and regarded human inequalities as not only inevitable but desirable.”[55]

As it was mentioned above, Hitler in Germany (1933) was able to form a new government and Nazi ascension accelerated. He reorganized civil service, dismissing more than a quarter of its officials, especially those in the higher posts, and replaced them with his own trusted lieutenants. Also, he tidied up the political scene by abolishing all political parties. Within less than a year after coming to power, Hitler had succeeded in making himself almost complete master of the nation’s Nazi ideology, which drew heavily on the romanticism of the early 19th century, on the racism of such writers as H.S. Chamberlain, and on the anti-rationalism and nihilism of some late 19th and early 20th century pseudo-“philosophers”.[56] The Nazi notion of a “master race” fitted well with Nietzsche’s concept of a “superman”,[57] who was not bound by ordinary conventions of law and morality.

But, thirteen years later, charging that the World War I allies were not willing to treat Germany as an equal, Hitler withdrew Germany from both the League of Nations and the Geneva Disarmament Conference in October 1933. In October 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia and by May 1936, the Italians had completed their conquest of Ethiopia. Anglo-French opposition to Italy’s aggression in Ethiopia had enraged Mussolini and encouraged him to draw closer to Hitler. In March 1936, Hitler took a chance by moving his troops into the Rhineland.[58] In July 1936, a civil war broke out in Spain, marking culmination of several years of unrest in the country. General Francisco Franco (1892-1975) soon emerged as the leader of the rebels, who were known as the Nationalists. In October 1936, Germany and Italy proclaimed the formation of the Rome-Berlin Axis. In November 1936, Germany and Japan signed an agreement known as the Anti-Comintern Pact. Italy joined the Anti-Comintern Pact in November 1937, thereby bringing the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis into being. The outbreak of war in September 1939 marked the end of what has been called “the twenty years’ truce” (ἐκεχειρία). In Asia, Japan continued to harbor aggressive designs on China. Nevertheless, when war came, it came as the result of the deliberate aggression of the Axis powers, Germany, Italy, and Japan.[59]

In early 1938, Hitler moved against Austria. On March 13, 1938, the German annexation (Anschluss) of Austria was proclaimed. On September 12, 1938, Hitler demanded the right of self-determination for the Sudeten Germans (located along the Czechoslovak border with Germany) and threatened intervention in Czechoslovakia. The following day, Henlein (the leader of the pro-Nazi Sudeten German party) called for the German annexation of the Sudetenland.[60] During the Munich Conference, convened on September 29, 1938, Great Britain (Neville Chamberlain) and France faced the choice of either sacrificing Czechoslovakia or risking war. As they did lately; they sacrificed Greece instead of risking the euro. Unfortunately, they decided to sacrifice Czechoslovakia without consulting the leaders of that country. In mid-March 1939, Hitler destroyed what was left of Czechoslovakia. Abandoning the policy of appeasement (κατευνασμός), Great Britain and France now pledged to come to the aid of Poland in the event of a German attack.[61]

On April 7, 1939, the Italians invaded Albania and soon conquered the country and flounder Albanians allied with them. In May 1939, Italy and Germany signed a full military alliance, which Mussolini dubbed the Pact of Steel. On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Two days later, on September 3, Great Britain and France fulfilled their guarantees of Poland and declared war on Germany. The Second World War had begun and the Illuminati were very happy for their success, but their next step was to involve the U.S. in this war.[62] In accordance with a pact (the August 23, 1939 Hitler-Stalin Nonaggression Pact) with Hitler, Stalin invaded Poland from the east on September 17, 1939. At the end of the month, the Germans and Soviets partitioned Poland.[63] On November 30, 1939 the Soviet Union began the Winter War against Finland. In the Spring of 1940, the Soviets annexed the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania). They also forced Rumania to cede the province of Bessarabia.[64]

In the meantime, France had built the Maginot Line, a line of fortifications along its frontier with Germany, and hoped to be able to repulse a German attack.[65] On April 9, 1940, the Germans invaded Denmark and Norway. On May 10, 1940, Winston Churchill (1874-1965) became prime minister of England and in March 1940, Paul Reynaud (1878-1966) had replaced Edouard Daladier as France’s premier. On May 10, 1940, Germans overran Luxembourg and invaded the Netherlands and Belgium. On June 5, 1940, the Battle of France began. On June 10, 1940, Italy entered the war and torpedoed the Greek warship “Elli” (Ἔλλη) at the seaport of Tinos Island on August 15, 1940.[66] On June 14, the Germans took Paris. France’s new government, headed by Marshal Henri Philippe Petain (1856-1951), signed an armistice with the Germans on June 22, 1940. On the eve of the French surrender, General Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970) went to London, where he established the Free French Movement, a government-in-exile committed to continuing the war.[67]

Further, in spite of the clear portents in the months and years preceding, the outbreak of the war in September 1939, found the democracies tragically unprepared militarily, economically, and psychologically. The dictatorships had for several years been engaged in a deliberate military and economic build-up. In September 1940, Italy invaded Egypt from their colony in Libya. The British drove the invaders back. Mussolini also invaded Greece[68] (on October 28, 1940) from Albania and the Greek army drove the invaders back, threatening to drive the Italians into the sea.[69] The superior Italian army was defeated by the poor militarily, but rich in virtues and values heroic Greek defenders of their ancestors and descendants land. To save Mussolini, in April 1941 the Germans overran Yugoslavia and in late April 1941, Hitler attacked Greece from the north (“Metaxa line” in Macedonia) and the battle of the bunkers by the Greek heroes in Macedonia kept them there for 40 days, a longer than expected time.[70] After that time, Germans entered Greece. The seaport of Piraeus was severely bombed from the German war planes (“stoukas”).[71] Hitler turned, the same year (June 22, 1941), against the Soviet Union, forcing Russia into an alliance with the western powers. On December 6, 1941, Soviet forces led by Marshal Georgi Zhukov (1896-1974) counterattacked and drove the Germans back. In the Spring of 1942, the Germans launched a new offensive directed toward two objectives: the oil-rich Caucasus,[72] lying between the Black and the Caspian Seas, and the city of Stalingrad on the Volga River. In early 1943, the remnants of the German Sixth Army surrendered in Russia.[73]

In April 1941, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s troops and their Italian allies renewed the attack pushing the British back into Egypt. By summer 1942, Rommel had reached El Alamein, about 60 miles west of Alexandria, posing a serious threat to the Suez Canal. In late October 1942, Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery’s (1887-1976) British Eight Army counterattacked, facing Rommel’s forces to retreat.[74] On November 8, 1942, Anglo-American forces, commanded by General Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), defeated the Germans and Italians and in May 1943, the remaining 250,000 Axis defenders surrendered in Tunisia.[75] The invasion of Sicily by the Allies in July 1943 was followed by the Italians’ overthrow of Mussolini the same month. The new Italian government surrendered on September 3, 1943. The Allies did not take Rome until June 4, 1944, only two days before the invasion of Normandy. On this D day, June 6, 1944, American, British, and Canadian forces commanded by General Eisenhower opened the Second Front in France. Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy, was the largest amphibious operation in history.[76] By 1944, Allied bombing did heavy damage to Germany’s cities and economy. On July 20, 1944, German military and civilian opponents of the Nazi tyranny attempted to kill Hitler. The Fuhrer survived and ordered vicious reprisals against his would-be assassins. Following the liberation of Paris on August 25, 1944, Allied troops pushed into the Low Countries and toward the Rhine River frontier between Germany and France. Gradually the Allies forced the Axis Powers back into their homelands.

On the eastern front, by mid-September 1944, the Red Army had advanced to a line running through the Baltic States to Bulgaria. Germany’s allies, Finland, Rumania, and Bulgaria, had dropped out of the war.[77] In mid-January 1945, the Soviets took Warsaw. The Red Army’s advance continued, halting temporarily, when it reached the Oder River about 40 miles from Berlin during the first days of February 1945. In February 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met at Yalta in the Soviet Crimea in the most important of the wartime conferences. During this conference, agreement was reached on voting procedures in the Security Council of the new United Nations organization,[78] with each of the Security Council’s five permanent members (the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, France, and China) to have a veto.[79] In early March 1945, American troops captured the last remaining intact bridge across the Rhine at Remagen. Allied forces were now pouring into Germany. American and Soviet forces met on the Elbe on April 25, 1945, while on the eastern front, the Red Army moved through Hungary and into Austria, seizing Vienna on April 13, 1945. At the end of April 1945, Germany’s armies in Italy surrendered. The war in Italy lasted until the spring of 1945, ending only a few days before the final German surrender. Italian partisans seized Mussoloni, murdering him on April 28, 1945. The Red Army entered Berlin on April 19, 1945, and Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his bunker beneath the city on April 30, 1945. His successor, Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz (1891-1980), surrendered to the Allies on May 7, 1945. Following Germany’s defeat in May 1945, the Americans, British, Soviets, and French took control of their occupation zones. The Illuminati succeeded to terrorize Europeans twice in the same century and at the same time to accomplish their objective, the creation of the European Union, the prototype of their planed globalization, which was their dream since 70 A.D., when they rejected the Revealed Truth[80] and Roman dispersed them to all over the world.[81]

Furthermore, during the battles of Iwo and Okinawa (from February to April 1945), Japanese Kamikaze (suicide) pilots crashed their planes into American ships causing serious losses.[82] World War II ended in Europe in May 1945, with the complete and unconditional surrender of Germany, and in the Pacific in September of 1945 with a similar surrender of Japan. The culmination of the offensive came on August 6, 1945, when an American bomber dropped the first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima,[83] with disastrous results. Three days later, the Americans dropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki, with similar lethal results. The following day, Emperor Hirohito (1926-1989) decided that Japan had no choice than to surrender. He set one condition: He must be permitted to keep his throne.[84] The formal surrender documents were signed on September 2, 1945, on board the American battleship Missouri anchored in Tokyo Bay. The Second World War had ended. In December 2008, Japan acknowledged that World War II POWs were put to work in a mine owned by Prime Minister Aso’s family.[85]

 Δ΄. Conclusion: The Creation of the EU

In summary, the First World War was a European war, the Second World War was truly a relatively global conflict, and they are planning, now, the Third World War, which will be absolutely global.[86] During the first years, from 1939 (Germany invaded Poland, conquered Denmark and Norway, overrun the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg, the German Luftwaffe begins the Battle of Britain; the Italians invaded Greece and Egypt; the Germans sent Rommel’s Afrika Korps to North Africa, the Germans overrun Yugoslavia and Greece, after 40 days of resistance by the Greeks, Germany invaded the Soviet Union; and the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor)[87] to 1942 (the Japanese took the Philippines and advanced into Southeast Asia), the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) won a series of impressive victories in Europe, North Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. Then, the tide began to turn as the Allies, led by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, pushed forward to victory. In 1944, the western Allies launched the invasion of Normandy and in 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met at Yalta in the Russian Crimea in the most important of the wartime conferences. On August 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped by Americans [Harry S. Truman; April 12, 1945-January 20, 1953][88] on Hiroshima and on August 9, 1945, a second atomic bomb hit Nagasaki. The following day, Emperor Hirohito (1926-1989) decided to surrender Japan. This Second World War had far-reaching consequences. In Europe, the temporary defeat of Germany created a power vacuum in Central Europe that made possible a great westward expansion of the communist Soviet power. The growth of Soviet power, in turn, evoked an American (actually, a dark powers’) response. The result was the dreadful Cold War, which is torturing the world forever because the Illuminati of America preserves it with all their means.[89] In Asia, the defeat of Japan led to an increase of American influence, power, and responsibility in the western Pacific and East Asia.[90] Throughout Asia, and in Africa, as well, the war helped intensify nationalist movements (patriotism), thereby hastening the disintegration of Europe’s empires, but globalization started to be aggressive with the new idea of European integration. Also, the World War II brought many technological developments, especially the destructive atomic bomb, which presented future generations with the specter of mass annihilation.[91] These destructive technologies are continued to be improved and their next war (WWIII)[92] will be much more catastrophic for humans and especially, for the Orthodox nations.[93] After this last war, they will be in complete control of the poor remaining people. (Sic).

The “Holy Roman Empire’s” suspicious revival to impose the will of “theirs” (the dark powers) started again in 1957 (including as founding members the region it had in the 8th century A.D.), which has restricted the independence, the sovereignty, and has diluted the identity of so many European nations that are not the illusionist Franks or the German conquerors and share completely different values and beliefs; and above all, they do not want to be part of this controlled “New Empire”, the prototype of the “Global Empire” (the global slavery of humanity). The grandiose plan (pushed by communists, liberals, globalists, anti-Christians, and other enemies of Europe) is, now, to expend this Christian “European Union” to the allodox Asians (Turkey and Israel),[94] and soon to other continents. Obviously, after 62 years of procedures, a non-European anti-Christ plan was imposed on the previous Christian Europeans. They made them, first, heretics and masons and then, it was easier to trap their leaders without referenda to EU.

Then, following World War II, the idea of this suspicious economic integration was promoted in Western Europe. Who were these people and what was their ultimate objective of this experiment is still unknown (explicitly).[95] The world is waiting to see the conclusion of this union of nations, peoples, cultures, dogmas, histories, economies, politics, and civilizations.[96] The majority of Europeans are very skeptical and anxious for the future of their continent and of their nations.[97] The recent European Parliament elections (May 26, 2019)[98] showed the opposition of Europeans towards globalization and their love for their countries (nationalism and patriotism). In 1950, Jean Monnet (1888-1979)[99] convinced Premier Robert Schuman (1886-1963)[100] to support a plan for the integration of the coal and steel industries of France and West Germany. Negotiations on the Schuman Plan led to the establishment in 1951 of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). The ECSC included France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. The success of the ECSC helped advance an even bolder proposal developed by Monnet. On March 25, 1957, the leaders of these six members of the ECSC signed the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community (EEC), known as the Common Market. The members of this Common Market committed themselves to eliminate trade barriers and to promote free movement of capital and labor, to abolish borders and reached, today, to abolish the sovereignty from their member-nations and to dilute European civilization with the millions of illegal (mostly Muslims) immigrants.

Thus, the Common Market treaty took effect on January 1, 1958 and on July 1, 1968, all tariffs between member-nations were completely eliminated; several years earlier than the date originally foreseen. In 1961, Britain signified its willingness to enter the Common Market if certain conditions could be met, but in January 1963, president de Gaulle of France in effect vetoed Britain’s membership, an action he repeated in 1967 and 1969. The accession of Britain, Ireland, and Denmark took effect on January 1, 1973. Orthodox Greece acceded to the Community on January 1, 1981, without a referendum,[101] and Spain and Portugal on January 1, 1986. On January 1, 1995, the EU-12 became EU-15, with the accession of Austria, Finland, and Sweden.[102] On May 1, 2004 ten new members joined the Union: Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Cyprus, and Malta. Lately, on January 1, 2007, Romania and Bulgaria became EU members. And on January 1, 2013, in the middle of the Euro-zone crisis, Croatia joint the EU, reaching the implausible number of EU-28. More than half a dozen ignorant nations are waiting for their acceptance to the Union. But, on June 23, 2016, a referendum took place in England with the question to leave the EU and the membership has not yet fallen to EU-27 because EU does not allow England to leave.[103]

Of course, what was obvious in EU was the accelerated pace of change, with some pseudo-subsidies and mostly by borrowing money, scientific and technological progress, infrastructures, privatizations (expropriation and confiscation of the national wealth), etc., which have affected negatively Greece and its debt, too, were taking place; but nothing positive happened on the social, moral, educational or spiritual side of Europeans. Exactly the opposite happened, deterioration and retrogression of all the domestic and indigenous value systems were imposed by European immoral laws and perversions on the member-nations.[104] The increasing influence of the controlled United States in world affairs, especially after the fall of communism, notably in the two world wars and the Korean War, is very drastic to Europe. American (Illuminati and Hollywood) methods,[105] fashions, music, language, politics, economics, education, American slang expressions (catchwords), technology, culture, property taxes, oppression, overconsumption and waste, credit and debit cards, patterns of behavior began to be imitated by the apery in Europe. The Americanization of the European society is obvious[106] and globalization is doing “very well” except for the people on whom it has been applied; they have started seeing its absurd effects.[107] The latest crisis (2008-2019) revealed the objective of this union of the dark powers on specific nations, like Greece that they cannot forgive her people to be the chosen people of God.

Consequently, it was obvious from those days that in the near future European generations, especially the civilizers of the world, the Orthodox Hellenes, would face many problems, due to integration and globalization. Some of the questions were the followings: Are they going to retain their freedom? Are they going to retain their basic Hellenic-Christian values? Are they going to retain their seven thousand years old civilization and identity? Are they going to retain their homogeneity? Are the European allies going to help Greece when the barbarians from the East (the NATO member, Turkey) will invade Greece? The past History says, NO!.. Non-Christian, oriental “values” had started having a significant influence on Western and Greek civilization with the laws that were imposed by the Illuminati on all nations. Oriental and pagan religions have influenced religious thought and expression in the contemporary secular and liberal West. The creation of a new non-European and non-Orthodox civilization and value system, which would affect negatively mostly Greece, might be a matter of a few decades or one generation because of the uncontrolled illegal migration (mostly, anti-Christian Muslims, jihadists and practicing sharia law) and cultural imperialism. These socialist, centrist,[108] and communist[109] puppet governments in Greece the last forty years have destroyed the Hellenic traditional civilization and they have to be voted out from the Greek Parliament. The latest trend towards a “global civilization” (actually global subculture) has destroyed all civilizations. These cultural, religious, and social mixtures have posed a serious threat to the future of the true human civilization.[110] Revelation and Truth are the biggest enemies of this current cultural assimilation, human amalgamation (due to illegal migration and open borders), exaltation of lie, and individuals’ apostasy. Greece has to be in union with Russia and all the other Orthodox nations. Historical memory requires Greeks to be in readiness, in repentance, in prayer and to honor their national heroes and martyrs, who have enlightened the past, so the nation can continue its existence in the hostile, atheist and in a completely different future world.

 

 

[1] This currency disorder is present many times in the last and in the current century because central banks are not public (national) institutions. Lately, we saw an overvalue euro and its negative effects on European economies, but authorities did not do something to alleviate these burdens from the poor Euro-zone citizens and to affect positively their employment and recovery from the 2008-2018 debt crises. See, John N. Kallianiotis, The European Union and its Debt Crises: The Deception of the Greeks, New York, N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers, 2018.

[2] The casualties were: 10 million dead and 20 million wounded. See, Davies (1998).

[3] “The mass slaughter and chaos of the First World War, and the revolutionary upheavals that swept Europe in 1917-1918, brought an end not only to the ancient Romanov dynasty in Russia, but to an entire continental social order. Swept away as well was the Hohenzollern dynasty in Germany, with its stable constitutional monarchy, and the ancient Habsburg dynasty of Austria-Hungary with its multinational central European empire. Europe’s leading states shared not only the same Christian and Western cultural foundations, but most of the continent’s reigning monarchs were related by blood. England’s King George was, through his mother, a first cousin of Tsar Nicholas, and, through his father, a first cousin of Empress Alexandra. Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm was a first cousin of the German-born Alexandra, and a distant cousin of Nicholas.” See, http://www.ihr.org/jhr/v14/v14n1p-4_weber.html. But, the dark powers were against royalties because they were Christians and they ousted them; so now, the control of the corrupted politicians that they support to take the power, became easier and through them, they can manipulate entire nations. See also, Ἀρχιμανδρίτου Χαραλάμπους Δ. Βασιλοπούλου, Τά Πρωτόκολλα τῶν Σοφῶν τῆς Σιών, Ἐκδόσεις «Ὀρθοδόξου Τύπου», Ἀθῆναι, 2000.

[4] Unfortunately, this sovereignty was lost completely and forever with the creation of the EU and worst of all with the imposition of the EMU. The international organizations are all controlled by the dark powers, for this reason, they have all failed. They cannot satisfy the purpose of their establishment. What a pity!…

[5] See, Ignatius Kapnisis, The Messiah and His Enemies, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1991, p. 36, for Ben-Gurion’s plans for the world during his political campaign on January 16, 1962. What impudence and intimidation! In December 2017, President Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, which caused an enormous uprising of all Arabs, even Turks. See, http://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2017/12/10/10-dec-17-world-view-protests-fizzle-3-days-after-trumps-jerusalem-announcement-was-universally-condemned/ . Also,

https://www.sott.net/article/370524-Armageddon-World-Reacts-to-Trumps-Jerusalem-Decision-Hamas-Fatah-Hezbollah-Warn-of-New-Intifada

[6] Twenty two provinces constitute a uniform and independent Ireland, while six provinces of the North Ireland remain under occupation, part of England, even today.

[7] See, Stavros Karkaletsis, e-grammes.gr, May 13, 2007.

[8] Also, “they (Englishmen) hold umbrellas, when it is raining in the United States”.

[9] This was proved with their referendum to exit the EU. The referendum, took place on June 23, 2016 in the UK and Gibraltar to gauge support for the country either remaining a member of, or leaving, the EU. The referendum resulted in 51.9% of voters voting in favor of leaving the EU. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-brexit-poll/disorderly-brexit-chances-25-percent-uk-economy-to-slow-further-idUSKCN1BC53Y . This was a positive democratic action by Prime Minister David Cameron. See, http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887

But, the country is still under Brussels’ control, after three years from the referendum.

[10] See, “List of wars involving Germany”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_involving_Germany

[11] See, “Germany rejects new Greek demand for war reparations”. https://finance.yahoo.com/news/germany-rejects-greek-demand-war-reparations-115629036.html . See also, Dr. Gary K. Busch, “Germany and the EU’s continuing war against Greece”, Published on May 30, 2017, https://limacharlienews.com/europe/germany-greece-greek-crisis/

[12] World War II was the deadliest military conflict in human history in absolute terms of total casualties. Over 60 million people were killed, which was about 3% of the 1940 world population (est. 2.3 billion). World War II fatality statistics vary, with estimates of total deaths ranging from 50 million to more than 80 million. The higher figure of over 80 million includes deaths from war-related disease and famine. Civilians killed totaled 50 to 55 million, including 19 to 28 million from war-related disease and famine. Military deaths from all causes totaled 21 to 25 million, including deaths in captivity of about 5 million prisoners of war. Recent historical scholarship has shed new light on the topic of Second World War casualties. Research in Russia has caused a revision of estimates of Soviet WW2 fatalities. According to Russian government figures, USSR losses within postwar borders now stand at 26.6 million, including 8.5 million due to war related famine and disease. In August 2009 the Polish Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) researchers estimated Poland’s dead at between 5.6 and 5.8 million. Historian Rüdiger Overmans of the Military History Research Office (Germany) published a study in 2000 that estimated the German military dead and missing at 5.3 million, including 900,000 men conscripted from outside of Germany’s 1937 borders, in Austria, and in east-central Europe. The People’s Republic of China puts its war dead at 20 million, while the Japanese government puts its casualties due to the war at 3.1 million. Greece in percentage had the most casualties compared to the other nations because it has the war, the famine, the German executions of the entire population of Greek villages, and the communist war from 1945 to 1949. Now, we see that they talking again that we are overpopulated, which means that they plan to reduce the population. Evil (demonic) minds!

[13] See, Viault, B. S. (1990). Modern European History. New York, U.S.A.: McGraw-Hill, Inc. , pp. 517-529. See also, Νίκου Τζιόπα, «Σχέδιον Διάλυσης τῶν Ἐθνῶν τῆς Εὐρώπης», «http://www.e-grammes.gr/%CF%83%CF%87%CE%AD%CE%B4%CE%B9%CE%BF-%CE%B4%CE%B9%CE%AC%CE%BB%CF%85%CF%83%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%84%CF%89%CE%BD-%CE%B5%CE%B8%CE%BD%CF%8E%CE%BD-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CE%B5%CF%85%CF%81%CF%8E%CF%80%CE%B7%CF%82

[14] See, Viault (1990, p. 382).

[15] See, Viault (1990, p. 388).

[16] The Russian Imperial Romanov family (Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei) and all those who chose to accompany them into imprisonment—notably Eugene Botkin, Anna Demidova, Alexei Trupp and Ivan Kharitonov, according to the conclusion of the investigator Sokolov, were shot and bayoneted to death in Yekaterinburg on the night of 16–17 July 1918. See, Execution of the Romanov family , https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Execution_of_the_Romanov_family . Further, The canonization of the Romanovs was the elevation to sainthood of the last Imperial Family of RussiaTsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra, and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei – by the Russian Orthodox Church. The site of their execution is now beneath the altar of the Church on Blood. They are variously designated as new martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and as passion bearers by the church inside Russia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canonization_of_the_Romanovs

[17] See, http://www.heritage.org/initiatives/first-principles/primary-sources/woodrow-wilsons-war-message-to-congress . Also, http://www.history.com/topics/russian-revolution . See further, “Most of the leading Communists who took control of Russia in 1917-20 were Jews.” http://www.ihr.org/jhr/v14/v14n1p-4_weber.html . Furthermore, http://www.csun.edu/~kaddison/kraus.htm .

[18] Jews played a decisive role in the infant Bolshevik regime, effectively dominating the Soviet government during its early years. With the notable exception of Lenin (Vladimir Ulyanov, ¼ Jewish), most of the leading Communists, who took control of Russia in 1917-20 were Jews. Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein) headed the Red Army and, for a time, was chief of Soviet foreign affairs. Yakov Sverdlov (Solomon) was both the Bolshevik party’s executive secretary and (as chairman of the Central Executive Committee) head of the Soviet government. Grigori Zinoviev (Radomyslsky) headed the Communist International (Comintern), the central agency for spreading revolution in foreign countries. Other prominent Jews included press commissar Karl Radek (Sobelsohn), foreign affairs commissar Maxim Litvinov (Wallach), Lev Kamenev (Rosenfeld) and Moisei Uritsky. Lenin himself was of mostly Russian and Kalmuck ancestry, but he was also one-quarter Jewish. His maternal grandfather, Israel (Alexander) Blank, was a Ukrainian Jew. Lenin had little regard for his own countrymen. He once remarked, “An intelligent Russian is almost always a Jew or someone with Jewish blood in his veins.” In the Communist seizure of power in Russia, the Jewish role was probably critical. Two weeks prior to the Bolshevik “October Revolution” of 1917, Lenin convened a top secret meeting in St. Petersburg (Petrograd) at which the key leaders of the Bolshevik party’s Central Committee made the fateful decision to seize power in a violent takeover. Of the twelve persons, who took part in this decisive gathering, there were four Russians (including Lenin), one Georgian (Stalin), one Pole (Dzerzhinsky), and six Jews. To direct the takeover, a seven-man “Political Bureau” was chosen. It consisted of two Russians (Lenin and Bubnov), one Georgian (Stalin), and four Jews (Trotsky, Sokolnikov, Zinoviev, and Kamenev). Meanwhile, the Petersburg (Petrograd) Soviet (whose chairman was Trotsky) established an 18-member “Military Revolutionary Committee” to actually carry out the seizure of power. It included eight (or nine) Russians, one Ukrainian, one Pole, one Caucasian, and six Jews. Finally, to supervise the organization of the uprising, the Bolshevik Central Committee established a five-man “Revolutionary Military Center” as the Party’s operations command. It consisted of one Russian (Bubnov), one Georgian (Stalin), one Pole (Dzerzhinsky), and two Jews (Sverdlov and Uritsky). Winston Churchill, for one, warned in an article published in the February 8, 1920, issue of the London Illustrated Sunday Herald that Bolshevism is a “worldwide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization and for the reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence, and impossible equality.” The eminent British political leader and historian went on to write: “There is no need to exaggerate the part played in the creation of Bolshevism and in the actual bringing about of the Russian Revolution by these international and for the most part atheistical [ἀντιχρίστους] Jews. It is certainly a very great one; it probably outweighs all others. With the notable exception of Lenin [only ¼ Jew], the majority of the leading figures are Jews. Moreover, the principal inspiration and driving power comes from the Jewish leaders. Thus Tchitcherin, a pure Russian, is eclipsed by his nominal subordinate, Litvinoff, and the influence of Russians like Bukharin or Lunacharski cannot be compared with the power of Trotsky, or of Zinovieff, the Dictator of the Red Citadel (Petrograd), or of Krassin or Radek — all Jews. In the Soviet institutions the predominance of Jews is even more astonishing. And the prominent, if not indeed the principal, part in the system of terrorism applied by the Extraordinary Commissions for Combatting Counter-Revolution [the Cheka] has been taken by Jews, and in some notable cases by Jewesses. Needless to say, the most intense passions of revenge have been excited in the breasts of the Russian people.” Also, David R. Francis, United States ambassador in Russia, warned in a January 1918 dispatch to Washington: “The Bolshevik leaders here, most of whom are Jews and 90 percent of whom are returned exiles, care little for Russia or any other country but are internationalists and they are trying to start a worldwide social revolution.” Further, the Netherlands’ ambassador in Russia, Oudendyke, made much the same point a few months later: “Unless Bolshevism is nipped in the bud immediately, it is bound to spread in one form or another over Europe and the whole world as it is organized and worked by Jews who have no nationality, and whose one object is to destroy for their own ends the existing order of things.” “The Bolshevik Revolution”, declared a leading American Jewish community paper in 1920, “was largely the product of Jewish thinking, Jewish discontent, Jewish effort to reconstruct.” Lenin’s first Politburo was dominated by men of Jewish origins. Under Lenin, Jews became involved in all aspects of the Revolution, including its dirtiest work. Furthermore, historian Salo Baron has noted that an immensely disproportionate number of Jews joined the new Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka and many of those who fell afoul of the Cheka would be shot by Jewish investigators. The collective leadership that emerged in Lenin’s dying days was headed by the Jew Zinoviev, a loquacious, mean-spirited, curly-haired Adonis whose vanity knew no bounds. “Anyone who had the misfortune to fall into the hands of the Cheka”, wrote Jewish historian Leonard Schapiro, “stood a very good chance of finding himself confronted with, and possibly shot by, a Jewish investigator.” In Ukraine, “Jews made up nearly 80 percent of the rank-and-file Cheka agents”, reports W. Bruce Lincoln, an American professor of Russian history. (Beginning as the Cheka, or Vecheka) the Soviet secret police was later known as the GPU, OGPU, NKVD, MVD and KGB.) In light of all this, it should not be surprising that Yakov M. Yurovksy, the leader of the Bolshevik squad that carried out the murder of the Tsar and his family, was Jewish, as was Sverdlov, the Soviet chief who co-signed Lenin’s execution order. See, http://www.ihr.org/jhr/v14/v14n1p-4_weber.html . See also, Ἰωάννου Ν. Καλλιανιώτου, «Ἡ Τρέχουσα Ἑλληνική Κρίσις ἐστίν Ἔργον τῶν Δημιουργῶν τῶν Δυτικῶν Ἐπαναστάσεων τοῦ Παρελθόντος», Απολογητικά, February 19, 2017, pp. 1-17.

http://apologitikaa.blogspot.com.cy/2017/02/i.html

[19] See, “A true leader protector of the Orthodox Christian Faith around the world”. http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=putin+in+church+for+christmas&view=detail&mid=707A1093D5166187223C707A1093D5166187223C&FORM=VIRE

[20] See, The Judeo-Masonic Conspiracy (How the bankers took over the World). https://judeo-masonic.blogspot.com/2010/02/lenin-in-bolshevist-headquarters-in.html

[21] The Frankfurter Judengasse (“Jews’ Lane” in German) was the Jewish ghetto of Frankfurt and one of the earliest ghettos in Germany. It existed from 1462 until 1811 and was home to Germany’s largest Jewish community in early modern times.

[22] Schiff may well have been the power behind “Zionism” and the eventual creation of Israel. Many scholars accept that. However, Schiff also created Bolshevism, or this is what we are now learning, and fed Russia into half a century of murder and suffering. Schiff also created, now wait for it, Hitler and Nazi Germany. His inheritors now control it all, not just Trump; he is just the icing on the cake. See, Gordon Duff with Ian Greenhalgh, Blockbuster: Jacob Schiff, the Jewish Father of Hitler and the Holocaust? https://www.veteranstoday.com/2018/07/19/blockbuster-jacob-schiff-the-jewish-father-of-hitler-and-the-holocaust/ . His globalist ancestor, Adam Schiff causes serious problems in today’s American politics. See, https://thehill.com/capital-living/23788-the-darker-side-of-rep-adam-schiff . Also,

https://jacobinmag.com/2018/02/adam-schiff-russia-intervention-raytheon-parsons

[23] Arsene de Goulevitch, an important White Russian General, wrote: “The main purveyors of funds for the revolution, however, were neither the crackpot Russian millionaires nor the armed bandits of Lenin. The ‘real’ money primarily came from certain British and American circles which for a long time past had lent their support to the Russian revolutionary cause. . . . The important part played by the wealthy [Jew] “American” banker Jacob Schiff in the events in Russia, though as yet only partially revealed, is no longer a secret.” See, http://judeo-masonic.blogspot.com/2010/02/lenin-in-bolshevist-headquarters-in.html . These are the people that created the Cold War against the Orthodox Russians and they preserve it with all their means. See, Eric Zuesse, “How the US Created the Cold War”, https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2019/05/29/how-us-created-cold-war/ . See also, Robert Bridge, “ ‘Make Russia Prostrate Again’ Is the Only Thing US Democrats and Republicans Can Agree on”, https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2019/06/12/make-russia-prostrate-again-is-the-only-thing-us-democrats-and-republicans-can-agree-on/   How the Cold War

[24] See, Davies, N. (1998), Europe: A History, New York, N.Y., U.S.A.: Harper Perennial, p. 1328.

[25] But, at the same time, Japanese had adopted the “great” German philosophy of nihilism. Nihilism derives its name from the Latin root nihil, meaning nothing, that which does not exist. This same root is found in the verb “annihilate”: to bring to nothing, to destroy completely. Nihilism is the belief which: labels all values as worthless, therefore, nothing can be known or communicated; associates itself with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism, having no loyalties. The German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), is most often associated with nihilism. In Will to Power [notes 1883-1888], he writes, “Every belief, every considering something true, is necessarily false because there is simply no true world.” For Nietzsche, there is no objective order or structure in the world except what we give it. See, https://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/nihilism.htm . See also, “Is Nihilism the Latest Trend Among Millennials?”, https://medium.com/the-quasi-luddite/is-nihilism-the-latest-trend-among-millennials-18c8ff1f45b1

[26] These Mongolians visitors of History in Asia Minor, the barbarian Muslim Turks, are always supported by Germans. Now, this cruel tribe has started to make drills at the Cypriot Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). TV News ANTENNA, June 15, 2019. See, https://theduran.com/erdogans-energy-ambitions-target-cyprus-natural-gas-reserves-video/ . Also, http://www.financialmirror.com/news-details.php?nid=37111 . Further,

https://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Turks-begin-gas-exploration-risk-feud-with-Cyprus-Israel

[27] See, Did the Germans purposefully arrange to send Lenin to Russia to start a revolution? https://history.stackexchange.com/questions/14608/did-the-germans-purposefully-arrange-to-send-lenin-to-russia-to-start-a-revoluti

[28] See, https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/why-did-united-states-enter-world-war-400883

[29] See, Viault (1990, pp. 386-401). In January 1918, President Wilson had presented his proposals for a peace based on principles of justice. In his Fourteen Points, he called for open diplomacy, freedom of the seas, free trade, and a reduction of armaments, and he urged self-determination for the subject peoples of the German, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman empires. Wilson, also, endorsed the creation of “a general association of nations” (the League of Nations). While Wilson sought to promote what he had earlier termed a “peace without victory”, Clemenceau was determined to gain security for France against a possible future resurgence of German power. In addition, the French premier demanded substantial reparations from Germany to pay for the reconstruction of war-ravaged northern France. Lloyd George hoped to restore a continental balance of power so that Great Britain could devote its attention to its empire, while Orlando’s primary objective was to gain as much territory as possible for Italy. See, Viault (1990, p. 395). The worst action that President Wilson undertook during his presidency was the one that he denied asylum to Czar Nicholas II and his family and they were murdered by the Jewish-Bolsheviks. Another bad thing was that he made the Federal Reserve Bank a private institution (controlled by a few bankers) instead of a public one for the citizens of the U.S. Woodrow Wilson signed the 1913 Federal Reserve Act. A few years later he wrote: “I am a most unhappy man. I have unwittingly ruined my country. A great industrial nation is controlled by its system of credit. Our system of credit is concentrated. The growth of the nation, therefore, and all our activities are in the hands of a few men. We have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled and dominated Governments in the civilized world no longer a Government by free opinion, no longer a Government by conviction and the vote of the majority, but a Government by the opinion and duress of a small group of dominant men.” (Woodrow Wilson). Then, imagine what is going on today; everything is under the control of these 13 bankers. For this reason President Donald Trump is not allowed to do anything. They (the dark powers) rule the country since 1776. We hope president Trump to be reelected in 2020 and “drain the swamp” of the Illuminati in Washington. See, Fox News, Orlando, Florida, June 19, 2019.

[30] Delegates representing some 32 nations attended. The main decisions, however, were made by the Council of Four: President Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) of the United States, Premier Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929) of France, Prime Minister Lloyd George (1863-1945) of Great Britain, and Premier Vittorio Orlando (1860-1952) of Italy. Neither Germany nor Soviet Russia was represented. For Wilson, the most important issue at the Paris Peace Conference was the creation of the League of Nations. See, Viault (1990, pp. 395 and 399).

[31] Now, we have the sultan Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who wants to establish dominance in East Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea and he wants to create a new Ottoman Empire (Sic). His future may be similar as Mussolini’s one on April 28, 1945. See, The Madness of Turkey’s ‘Sultan’ Erdogan, https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-madness-of-turkeys-sultan-erdogan  See also, “Erdogan is not a benevolent sultan of old, he’s a monster that must be stopped”, https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5432450,00.html

[32] See, Viault (1990, p. 431).

[33] A Socialist deputy, Giacomo Matteotti (1885-1924) challenged the legitimacy of the Fascist majority and on June 10, 1924, he was murdered by a group of Fascists. See, Viault (1990, p. 426).

[34] See, Viault (1990, pp. 427-428).

[35] See, Viault (1990, p. 430). This independent state, as heretic, is causing many problems to Orthodox Christians, today, because its objective is spiritual globalization (ecumenism).

[36] See, Viault (1990, p. 431).

[37] See, Kallianiotis, John N. (2017), «Ἡ τῶν Ρωμηῶν Ἁγία Σκέπη», krufo-scholio, October 12, pp. 1-11. http://krufo-sxoleio.blogspot.com/2017/10/blog-post_84.html

[38] See, Viault (1990, pp. 421-431).

[39] The exchange rate was 4,200,000,000,000 DM/$. See, Viault (1990, p. 438). The inflation rate in Germany in 1923 was 4,000,000,000,000 % P.A. and in Hungary in 1946 was 5,000,000,000,000,000 % per annum. See, Spencer, M. H. (1986), Contemporary Macroeconomics, Sixth Edition, New York, N.Y.: Worth Publishers, Inc., p. 120.

[40] See, Viault (1990, p. 446).

[41] See, Viault (1990, pp. 433-450).

[42] See, William Guy Carr, Pawns in the Game, Chapter Three, “The Men Who Caused the French Revolution 1789”, http://www.yamaguchy.com/library/carr/pawns_03.html. Also,

http://jesus-is-savior.com/Evils%20in%20Government/pawns_in_the_game.htm. Further, “The Judeo-Masonic

Conspiracy”, http://judeo-masonic.blogspot.com/

[43] See, Viault (1990, p. 448).

[44] See, Viault (1990, p. 449).

[45] They did not do the same in Yugoslavia, where the Catholic church (Ustaše) in collaboration with the Nazis killed 500,000 Christian Orthodox Serbians. See, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_persecution_of_Serbs . Also, During the Axis occupation of Albania (1943–1944), the Albanian collaborationist organization Balli Kombëtar with Nazi German support mounted a major offensive in southern Albania (Northern Epirus) with devastating results: over 200 Greek populated towns and villages were burned down or destroyed, 2,000 ethnic Greeks were killed, 5,000 imprisoned and 2,000 forced to concentration camps. Moreover, 30,000 people had to flee to nearby Greece during and after this period. See, http://military.wikia.com/wiki/List_of_ethnic_cleansings . Albanians are doing the same even today, by taking the properties of Greeks in North Epirus. See, https://smarkos.blogspot.com/2017/04/the-issue-of-northern-epirus-was.html . Also, http://everything.explained.today/Northern_Epirus/ . Further,

https://steemit.com/history/@giosou/north-epirusboreia-ipeiros-open-wound . Furthermore, “Albania Defends

Confiscating, Selling Properties of Ethnic Greeks”, https://www.thenationalherald.com/223460/albania-defends-confiscating-selling-properties-of-ethnic-greeks/ . Muslim Turkey has become a very good ally to the Muslim Albania and has built a very large military naval base in Albania. See, “Turkey gets a naval base in Albania”, https://defence.pk/pdf/threads/turkey-gets-a-naval-base-in-albania.60500/

[46] See, Viault (1990, p. 449).

[47] The objective of the lenders (the well-known usurious bankers), which was to maximize their interest income by increasing the debt of the nations; it had been fulfilled by financing both the adversary camps.

[48] See, Viault (1990, p. 461).

[49] See, Viault (1990, p. 462). This radicalism has been imposed to France since the French Revolution of 1789 by the Illuminati, who murdered King Louis Auguste XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette. See, William Guy Carr, Pawns in the game, Chapter Three. http://www.yamaguchy.com/library/carr/pawns_03.html .

[50] See, Viault (1990, p. 465).

[51] See, Viault (1990, pp. 453-464).

[52] The current French President, Emmanuel Macron, is a “child” of Rothschild, too.

[53] But, it failed loudly in 1990, as an extreme and atheist system that it is. Then, the other extreme one, capitalism started monopolizing the global economic system until its even more sensational end will be constructed (after its first major problems during the global financial crisis, which created in 2007-2017), thus to leave the environment empty and this vacancy will be seized by the future catastrophic system of our civilization, the globalization, which is prepared since the 19th century and even since the 17th (with the British Revolution) in Europe by Non-Europeans (the dark powers) with its ultimate objective to bring anti-christ as the world leader.

[54] The Russian author Solzhenitsyn (Nobel 1970) has said that “where there is no God, everything is allowed” and this was the environment in Europe at the time and unfortunately, continues up to our times (2019).

[55] See, Blum, J., Cameron, R. & Barnes, T. G. (1970). The European World: A History, (Second Edition), Boston,

U.S.A.: Little, Brown and Company, p. 934.

[56] All these philosophies are subjective ideas of the fallen man, who is directed by the enemy of humans. The results of these philosophies are obvious today in our world, which is in a deep crisis. See, Ὁσίου Πατρός ἡμῶν Νικοδήμου τοῦ Ἁγιορείτου, Ἀόρατος Πόλεμος, ΣΤ΄ Ἔκδοσις, Ἐκδόσεις Νεκτάριος Παναγόπουλος, Ἀθῆναι, 2001.

[57] This freak is United States’, today, prototype for being one of the heroes to young children. Then, the trend is obvious; negative slope, descent.

[58] See, Viault (1990, p. 472).

[59] See, Viault (1990, pp. 466-477).

[60] See, Viault (1990, p. 474).

[61] See, Viault (1990, p. 476).

[62] See, “It’s True: International Jew Bankers Were Behind WWII”, http://incogman.net/2011/07/international-jew-bankers-behind-wwii/comment-page-1/. See also, https://www.warhistoryonline.com/world-war-ii/hidden-ulithi-naval-base.html

[63] See, Viault (1990, p. 481).

[64] See, Viault (1990, p. 482).

[65] Greece has done the same with the Metaxas Line in Macedonia, her northern borders.

[66] August 15th is the Dormition (Κοίμησις τῆς Θεοτόκου or Assumption) of Virgin Mary (Panagia), the protector of the Greek Orthodox, their Mother. Mussolini had grown jealous of Hitler’s gains and wanted to share in the spoils of victory by invaded Greece; but he was defeated in North-West Greece (North Epirus) by the Greeks and the help of Panagia for this unfair war. See, Ἰωάννου Ν. Καλλιανιώτου, «Ἡ τῶν Ρωμηῶν Ἁγία Σκέπη», ΚρυφόΣχολειό, October 12, 2017, pp. 1-9.

http://krufo-sxoleio.blogspot.com/2017/10/blog-post_84.html

[67] See, Viault (1990, p. 483).

[68] The Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas declared the historic “OXI” (NO) to the demands of the Italians. Sixty-five years later, another brave Greek, Tassos Papadopoulos (the President of Cyprus) said “NO” to the Plan of subjection of Cyprus (“Kofi Annan Plan”) that the west wanted to impose on this Greek island. In Summer 2015, Greeks said “NO” with a referendum to the Troika’s new memorandum, but the “democratic” EU ignored it and the Greek prime minister, Alexis Tsipras, subjugated (he made a very serious mistake by saying “NAI”, YES) to these shameful bondmen of globalization.

[69] There are numerous miraculous stories with the Greek soldiers during this war with the Italians. God and Panagia were helping the just resistance of Greeks. Even Italian sources confirm these events. See, Ioannis N. Kallianiotis, «Ἡ τῶν Ρωμηῶν Ἁγία Σκέπη», ΚρυφόΣχολειό, October 12, 2017, pp. 1-9.

http://krufo-sxoleio.blogspot.com/2017/10/blog-post_84.html . This is God’s Providence for the world. And Panagia will do the same with the invaders in the Aegean Sea, as She said to Vassiliki Plexida: Χριστὸς ἀνέστη!

Ἐτόνισαν πάντως, ὅπως εἶπε καὶ ἡ ἰδία ἡ Βασιλική, ὅτι ἡ Παναγία μας τῆς εἶπε “γιὰ τὰ εσχατα ποὺ ἔρχονται”. Βεβαίως, ἀπροσδιορίστως, ἀλλὰ εἶναι φανερὸ ὅτι βρισκόμαστε σὲ μεγάλη ἀποστασία. Καλή μας μετάνοια.

[70] In March 25, 1941, Yugoslavia joined the Axis (receiving from them the promise that Thessaloniki will be given to it as booty). Turkey kept “neutrality” and gave every easing to the Nazis. See, Ioannis Tsilimigras, “April 1941”, e-grammes.gr, April 6, 2007.

[71] I know these events very well from a lady, who went as a student to Piraeus to go to Medical School to become a doctor and when Germans started bombing Piraeus, she left and went back to her island and never went back to fulfil her desire to become a physician, but she was helping every person in her home town as a nurse or midwife without receiving any money. God bless her soul!

[72] Even today there are conflicts for these oil producing countries between the U.S. and Russia. The U.S. forced Bulgaria and Greece to reject the agreement of a pipeline from Russia through them to go to Europe and it passed its own pipeline (TAP) from Azerbaijan to Italy through Turkey and Greece. See,

http://themillenniumreport.com/2015/05/us-tells-greece-to-reject-putin-pipeline-marking-return-to-cold-war-politics/ Also, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/09/business/international/greece-us-russia-energy-pipeline.html . In

addition, see, “Russia abandons Black Sea gas pipeline to south-eastern Europe”,

http://fortune.com/2014/12/02/russia-abandons-black-sea-gas-pipeline-to-south-eastern-europe/. The enemies of Christ, the Illuminati, hate the Orthodox Russia and impose their will to the political leaders-followers of the nations that they control.

[73] See, Viault (1990, p. 488).

[74] See, Viault (1990, p. 486).

[75] See, Viault (1990, p. 486).

[76] See, Viault (1990, p. 488). On June 6, 2019, the 75th Anniversary of the D-Day, the U.S. President Donald Trump and the other European leaders gathered in Normandy to honor the heroes of this battle that ends WWII, the second German war in a century. See, Trump, Macron honor veterans of D-Day as having “saved freedom”, https://www.cbsnews.com/live-news/d-day-anniversary-watch-live-stream-normandy-invasion-trump-macron-today-2019-06-06-live-updates/ . Also, “Trump, other leaders mark D-Day’s 75th anniversary in Normandy, France”, https://www.foxnews.com/world/trump-joins-european-leaders-for-75th-anniversary-of-d-day . In addition,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-2PYEPpk6I . The third German war in Europe, Germany started in 2008 and it is still going on in Euro-zone.

[77] See, Viault (1990, p. 489).

[78] It was established on June 26, 1945 in San Francisco, “to maintain international peace and security…”. (sic). But, it has failed completely. Its objective is globalization and nothing else because it is controlled by the dark powers. See, “Who Really Controls the World?”, https://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/who-really-controls-the-world

[79] See, Viault (1990, p. 495).

[80] Τό «μεγαλύτερο γεγονός πού γνώρισε ἡ ἀνθρωπότητα». Ἅγιος Ἱερώνυμος. See, http://metemorfothis.blogspot.com/2019/06/blog-post_21.html

[81] See, http://www.preteristarchive.com/StudyArchive/s/significance-of-ad70.html

[82] Today, there is something similar with Muslims, the suicide bombers, who blow up themselves and kill everyone around them, leaving in illusion that they will go to paradise, after this criminal act. What a delusion, in which some people are living today!..

[83] The pilot of the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Paul Tibbets, died on November 1, 2007, at the age of 92, in Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A. See, The Wall Street Journal, November 2, 2007, p. A1.

[84] See, Viault (1990, p. 4793).

[85] See, The Wall Street Journal, December 20-21, 2008, p. A1. This behavior was expected by an atheist (nihilist) nation. What a pity, the entire Asia to continue to be in this spiritual crisis and ignorance even today!

[86] See, ΕΥΡΩΕΚΛΟΓΕΣ, ΕΥΡΩΠΗ ΚΑΙ 3ος ΠΑΓΚΟΣΜΙΟΣ ΠΟΛΕΜΟΣ. http://elefteriafreedom.blogspot.com/2019/05/3.html

[87] There are some indicators that “European” bankers persuaded the Japanese bankers to force their Japanese government to bomb Pearl Harbor, which forced the U.S. to enter the World War II. See, http://www.mujahidkamran.com/uploads/PearlH.pdf . This is the real global crisis that continues and it is intensified daily; the world is under occupation by the Illuminati. Shame on our pseudo-leaders and our inhumane institutions that fell to the trap of Illuminati since 17th century by becoming masons, enemies of God and betrayers of their countries.

[88] See, “HARRY TRUMAN’S CORRUPTION BY JEWS” by Brother Nathanael Kapner.

http://www.realjewnews.com/?p=217

[89] Illuminati’s enemy is the truth and the truth has been revealed by the Son of God, Jesus Christ, and it is preserved by the Orthodox Christian nations, Greece, Russia, and others. This is the reason that Illuminati are in permanent war with these nations. Their biggest enemy is the unique Hellenic Orthodox civilization.

[90] Now, things are changing there; China wants to take over and very soon the West will be in serious dispute with China, which has a complete different civilization and value system compared to the Christian West.

[91] See, Viault (1990, pp. 479-497).

[92] Lately, they started beating the drums of a war with Iran. They are very anxious to start the New World War, which seems to begin in the Middle East and spread to the rest of the world. “President Donald Trump said he called off retaliatory strikes on three Iranian sites following the downing of a U.S. Navy drone because the action would not have been ‘proportionate’.” “We were cocked & loaded to retaliate last night on 3 different sights when I asked, how many will die. 150 people, sir, was the answer from a General”, Trump tweeted on Friday, June 21, 2019. “10 minutes before the strike I stopped it.” See, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-06-21/trump-approved-air-strikes-on-iran-then-pulled-back-nyt-says?srnd=premium . President Trump has proved, so far, that he is a true leader. We wish to him to stay the same during his entire presidency. A major problem that President Trump is facing is that the House of Representatives is controlled by the extreme liberal Democratic Party (has the majority); then, nothing is passing from this legislative branch that is a policy of the executive branch (from the President). The other serious problem is the liberal Judicial branch (the Supreme Court and the other Federal courts). These judges overturn any moral or ethical policy or executive order from the President. Where are we going? What will be the future of the U.S., of Europe, and of the world? Thus, the only hope is God and nothing else!..

[93] «Ὁ Θεός θά ἐπιτρέψῃ τόν τρίτον Παγκόσμιον Πόλεμον διά νά σωθοῦν οἱ ἐκλεκτοί Του καί νά ὑπάγουν εἰς τόν Παράδεισον, διότι οἱ ἐπιζήσαντες μετά τόν πόλεμον αὐτόν κινδυνεύουν νά ἀπωλεσθοῦν.» Μητροπολίτης Κυπριανός.

[94] See, Kallianiotis, I.N. (2006), “Europe’s Common Currency, Questionable Common Constitution, and

Unreasonable Allodox Expansions”, Journal of Business and Society, Vol. 19, Nos. 1 and 2, pp. 3-36.

[95] As the time is passing, this integration reveals itself; it is actually the predecessor of globalization (=the global slavery). The ultimate objective of the Illuminati.

[96] Does this remind the Biblical Babel or not? Take a look at the strange structure of the EU Headquarter. With all these confusions of languages, illegal (Muslim) immigrants, and cultures, this “construction” would have no good future. See,

https://www.bing.com/images/search?view=detailV2&id=77858BD83DF857E9CABD2243614AAC2F0295A962&thid=OIP.VxKCkZ7E3y66pxYM1nTrfQHaHP&mediaurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.veteranstoday.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2015%2F04%2FEU-Headquarters.jpg&exph=358&expw=366&q=eu+headquarters&selectedindex=0&qpvt=eu+headquarters&ajaxhist=0&vt=0&eim=1,2,6

[97] From polls, 83.3% of Greeks are against the Euro-Constitution. (e-grammes.gr, 5/4/2009).

[98] See, https://www.election-results.eu/ . Also, 2019 European Parliament election in Greece, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019_European_Parliament_election_in_Greece

[99] See, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Monnet

[100] See, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Schuman

[101] President of the Hellenic Republic was Constantinos Karamanlis and Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou. Thus, despite his radical rhetoric («ΕΟΚ καί ΝΑΤΟ τό ἴδιο συνδικάτο») before the elections, Papandreou did not remove Greece from NATO and the EU. In internal affairs, Papandreou’s government introduced several radical, liberal, and anti-Greek reforms (legalization of civil wedding, new family law, nationalization of certain private companies, abolition of the multi-accent system of the 4,000 years old Greek language, etc.), which led Greece to today’s multi-crisis in every aspect of life. So far, after 1974, Greece has not the chance to be led by any leader representative to her past glory. All her latest leaders-followers are controlled puppets by the dark powers. The latest one, Alexis Tsipras, is also a betrayer of his country. He must go in jail. See, «ΝA ΜΗΝ ΧΑΣΟΥΜΕ ΤΟ ΟΝΟΜΑ ΜΑΣ» (Δ. Νατσιός),

https://christianvivliografia.wordpress.com/2019/06/13/%ce%bd%e1%bd%b0-%ce%bc%e1%bd%b4%ce%bd-%cf%87%ce%ac%cf%83%ce%bf%cf%85%ce%bc%ce%b5-%cf%84%e1%bd%b8-%e1%bd%84%ce%bd%ce%bf%ce%bc%ce%ac-%ce%bc%ce%b1%cf%82/

[102] The people of Norway voted against membership to the Union and if there were referenda in other countries, the
EU would have less than half of its current members.

[103] A referendum (a vote in which everyone or nearly everyone of voting age can take part) was held on Thursday 23 June, 2016, to decide whether the UK should leave or remain in the European Union. Leave won by 51.9% to 48.1%. The referendum turnout was 71.8%, with more than 30 million people voting. See, http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887 . See also, “Boris Johnson Vows Brexit, Deal or Not”, The Wall Street Journal, June 13, 2019, pp. A1 and A18.

[104] See, Orthodox Church in Moldavia holds anti-LGBT, pro-Family Procession

See, Χαίρε αγωνιζόμενε λαέ της Μολδαβίας!

[105] See, LGBT movement and sodomy. H εικονομαχία των γκέι. Βάζοντας όρια στα σχέδια των LGBT. http://metemorfothis.blogspot.com/2019/06/h-lgbt.html

[106] “Many Europeans were influenced by developments in the United States. Rock music, blue jeans, the cult of the automobile and coca-cola were obvious signs of the phenomenon sometimes labeled the ‘Americanisation’ of Europe.” See, Tipton, Frank B. and Robert Aldrich (1987b, p. 197), An Economic and Social History of Europe from 1939 to the Present, Baltimore, U.S.A.: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

[107] See, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents, New York, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Company, 2002.

[108] For example, the god-father for the name of Skopje was Constantine Mitsotakis; he had given the name “North Macedonia”, which was accepted last year and was implemented by the communist SYRIZA. These people are just traitors and they have to be in jail and not in the Greek Parliament. The Greek voter, who will vote for one of these betrayers is responsible for the future of the country and the future generations.

[109] It has been written in Orthodoxos Typos that the father of Alexis Tsipras was Jew. Then, the poor Alexis is not an atheist, but an anti-Christ (ἀντίχριστος).

[110] «Οἶδα τά ἔργα σου καί ποῦ κατοικεῖς.» (Ἀποκ. β΄13).

 

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ΠΑΝΑΓΙΑ τῶν ΠΑΡΙΣΙΩΝ: Η ΑΛΛΗ ΘΕΩΡΗΣΗ (Μητροπ. Μάνης Χρυσόστομος Γ´) «Δέν μπορεῖ ἀπό μόνος του ὁ τεχνικός πολιτισμός νά στηρίξει τήν ἀνθρώπινη ὕπαρξη. Χρειάζεται καί τόν πνευματικό πολιτισμό τοῦ χριστιανισμοῦ»

Τοῦ Μητροπολίτου Μάνης Χρυσοστόμου Γ´

     .            Πρό δύο περίπου μηνῶν ἀκούσαμε καί εἴδαμε μέ πολλή θλίψη τήν μεγάλη καταστροφή ἀπό τήν πυρκαϊά πού ὑπέστη ἡ Παναγία τῶν Παρισίων, αὐτό τό μοναδικό μνημεῖο ὄχι μόνο τῆς εὐρωπαϊκῆς ἀλλά καί τῆς παγκόσμιας κληρονομιᾶς. Ἕνα ἐξαίρετο μνημεῖο τέχνης πού ἄντεξε ἐννέα αἰῶνες καί τό ἔχουν ἐπισκεφθεῖ ἑκατομμύρια ἄνθρωποι ἀπ’ ὅλο τόν κόσμο.
.         Ὡστόσο, γιά τό ἀριστούργημα αὐτό τῆς γοτθικῆς ἀρχιτεκτονικῆς, πού ἐνέπνευσε ἕνα Βίκτωρα Οὐγκώ καί πολλές ἄλλες προσωπικότητες τῶν γραμμάτων καί τῶν τεχνῶν, ὑπάρχει καί μία ἄλλη θεώρηση. Ἡ θεώρηση αὐτή ἐκτείνεται πέρα ἀπό μία ὀρθολογιστική παραπληξία ἤ καί παραθεώρηση σεβασμάτων. Ἐν προκειμένῳ, ἡ Παναγία τῶν Παρισίων δέν εἶναι μόνο ἕνα τουριστικό θέαμα. Εἶναι ὁ καθεδρικός ἱερός Ναός τῶν Παρισίων, ἐκεῖ ὅπου ὡς χῶρος λατρείας τοῦ Θεοῦ ἀπό τόν 12ο αἰῶνα τελοῦνται Θεῖες Λειτουργίες, ἀκούγονται θεῖα κηρύγματα, ψάλλουν ὑπέροχες χορωδίες καί συντελεῖται μία σημαντική ποιμαντική δράση.
.         Ὅταν, ὅπως γράφθηκε, μέ τήν καταστροφή, «ράγισε ἡ καρδιά τῆς Γαλλίας» καί αὐθόρμητα οἱ ἄνθρωποι ἔψελναν τό Ave Maria καί οἱ καμπάνες ὅλων τῶν ἐκκλησιῶν καί αὐτές ἀκόμη τοῦ Ἀββαείου τοῦ Οὐεστμίνστερ ἤχησαν πένθιμα, τοῦτο τό συμβάν κάτι βαθύτερο θέλει νά πεῖ. Ἡ οὐσία, ὄπισθεν τῆς καταστροφῆς σηματοδοτεῖ, πράγματι, τήν ἄλλη θεώρηση. Ἡ ἐκπαιδευτικός Μάρω Πρεβελάκη, εἰδική ἐπιστήμων τοῦ Πανεπιστημίου τῆς Σορβόνης τό δήλωσε πολύ χαρακτηριστικά: «Ἡ Παναγία τῶν Παρισίων ἀπελευθέρωσε ἕνα ἔντονο θρησκευτικό συναίσθημα καταπιεσμένο ἀπό τό κῦρος τῆς laïcité καί ἔφερε στό προσκήνιο ἄλλες ἀνάγκες, ἄλλες ἀξίες». Ὁ δέ Εὐ. Ἀνδριανός, Ἀρεοπαγίτης ἐ.τ. ἔγραψε σχετικά: «Ἡ παρουσία τοῦ Λαοῦ πού προσεύχεται, ψέλνει, κλαίει καί δίνει τόν ὀβολό του μπροστά στήν πληγωμένη Παναγία του, ἀποδεικνύει πόσο μακρυά εἶναι ἀπό τό Λαό καί τήν πραγματικότητα ἡ “ὑψηλή διανόηση” τῆς Εὐρώπης πού διέγραψε ἀπό τό Εὐρωπαϊκό Σύνταγμα τόν Χριστιανισμό ὡς παράγοντα καί στυλοβάτη τοῦ Εὐρωπαϊκοῦ Πολιτισμοῦ.»
.         Κατά συνέπειαν, τό τραγικό αὐτό γεγονός φέρνει στήν ἐπιφάνεια τό θέμα τοῦ χριστιανισμοῦ στό εὐρωπαϊκό γίγνεσθαι. Εἶναι παγκοίνως γνωστόν ὅτι ὁ πολιτισμός τῆς Εὐρώπης θεμελιώθηκε στόν κλασικό ἑλληνικό πολιτισμό, στό ρωμαϊκό δίκαιο καί στόν χριστιανισμό. Ὡστόσο τά θεμέλια τοῦ χριστιανισμοῦ στή σύγχρονη πραγματικότητα κλονίζονται. Ἔχουν βέβαια ὑπάρξει παρεκκλίσεις καί διεστρεβλώσεις τοῦ χριστιανικοῦ ἰδεώδους καί τῆς διδασκαλίας τοῦ Εὐαγγελίου τοῦ Χριστοῦ, ἀλλά οἱ ἀποδοκιμαστέες αὐτές θέσεις δέν μποροῦν νά φθάσουν στό σημεῖο νά ἀκυρώνουν τό ὕψιστο μέγεθος τοῦ Χριστιανικοῦ πολιτισμοῦ.
.         Εἶναι ἀνάγκη νά καταλάβουμε τούς καιρούς πού ζοῦμε, νά τούς ἐντάξουμε στήν ἀλληλουχία τῶν αἰώνων πού πέρασαν καί νά δοῦμε τίς κατευθύνσεις ἀλλά καί τίς διδαχές πού  δίνουν γιά τό εὐρωπαϊκό μέλλον. Φθάνει πιά ἡ ἐκκοσμίκευση μέ συνέπεια τήν ἀποϊεροποίηση. Ἡ ἐκκοσμίκευση (secularisation) μέ τίς ποικίλες μορφές της δέν συντελεῖ τελικά στήν ἀνόρθωση τοῦ ἀνθρώπου καί τοῦ εὐρωπαίου πολίτη. Ὁ σύγχρονος ἄνθρωπος ἐξακολουθεῖ νά εἶναι πονεμένος. Ζεῖ μέ τήν ἀνασφάλεια, τήν ἀβεβαιότητα, τήν διαρκῆ ἄρνηση καί τόν μηδενισμό καί παραμένει ἀνικανοποίητος, ἀνήσυχος μέ πολλά συμπλέγματα μέσα του. Καί τοῦτο γιατί δέν μπορεῖ ἀπό μόνος του ὁ τεχνικός πολιτισμός νά στηρίξει τήν ἀνθρώπινη ὕπαρξη. Χρειάζεται καί τόν πνευματικό πολιτισμό τοῦ χριστιανισμοῦ.
.         Εἶναι καιρός πλέον γιά ἕνα οὐσιώδη ἐπανεκχριστιανισμό τῆς Εὐρώπης, βάσει τῶν βιβλικῶν, λειτουργικῶν καί πατερικῶν πηγῶν. Οἱ ἀνθρώπινες ἀξίες εἶναι ἐπιτακτική ἀνάγκη νά ὁδηγηθοῦν καί πάλιν πρός τόν ζῶντα Θεό, ὄχι μέ μία ἐξωτερική ὑποταγή, ὅπως συνέβαινε κατά τόν μεσαίωνα, ἀλλά μέ ἦθος ἐλευθερίας καί τιμῆς στό ἀνθρώπινο πρόσωπο.
.         Θά ᾽λεγα ὅτι ἡ Παναγία τῶν Παρισίων τώρα μιλᾶ καί σ’ ὅλους τούς νέους εὐρωβουλευτές καί τό μήνυμά της εἶναι: Ἡ Εὐρώπη γιά νά ἐπιζήσει πρέπει νά βρεῖ ξανά τήν λησμονημένη χριστιανική ταυτότητά της. Αὐτή εἶναι ἡ ἄλλη θεώρηση.

ΠΗΓΗ: im-manis.gr

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ΣΦΑΓΗ σὲ Κατηχητικὸ Σχολεῖο

Σφαγὴ σὲ Κατηχητικὸ Σχολεῖο

τοῦ περιοδ. «Ο ΣΩΤΗΡ»

.                     Ἐπὶ πολλὰ χρόνια τώρα ἡ Συρία σπαράσσεται ἀπὸ πολέμους, ποὺ ὑποκινοῦνται ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πλεῖστον ἀπὸ ξένες δυνάμεις γιὰ τὰ συμφέροντά τους. Μόλις ὅμως κόπασαν κά­πως οἱ πολεμικὲς ἐχθροπραξίες καὶ ἄρχισε τὸ Ὀρθόδοξο Πατριαρχεῖο Ἀντιοχείας, στὸ ὁποῖο ὑπάγεται ἡ Συρία, νὰ ἐπιμελεῖται πιὸ συστηματικὰ καὶ ἐντατικὰ τὸ ποίμνιό του, ἄρχισε νέου εἴδους φρικτὸς πόλεμος στὴ χώρα.
.                     Συγκεκριμένα, ὅπως μετέδωσε στὶς 14-5-2019 τὸ Διεθνὲς Πρακτορεῖο Ἐκκλησιαστικῶν Εἰδήσεων «Ὀρθοδοξία», στὴ Σελευκούπολη τῆς Κεντρικῆς Συρίας, ποὺ ἔχει 20 χιλιάδες κατοίκους, ἀπὸ τοὺς ὁποίους οἱ 15 χιλιάδες εἶναι Χριστιανοί, τζιχαντιστὲς εἰσέβαλαν στὸν Ἱερὸ Ναὸ τοῦ Ἀποστόλου Παύλου καὶ θανάτωσαν 12 παιδιὰ τὴν ὥρα ποὺ παρακολουθοῦσαν μάθημα Κατηχητικοῦ Σχολείου.
.             Τὸ γεγονὸς αὐτὸ ἔχει συγκλονίσει τὴν κοινὴ γνώμη. Οἱ πρῶτες ἀντιδράσεις ἐκ­δηλώ­θηκαν ἀπὸ τοὺς Προκαθημένους τοῦ Οἰκουμενικοῦ Πατριαρχείου, τοῦ Πατριαρχείου Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ τῆς Ἐκκλησίας τῆς Ἑλλάδος.
.                     Εἰδικότερα ὁ Οἰκουμενικὸς Πατριάρχης κ. Βαρθολομαῖος ἀπέστειλε στὶς 15-5-2019 θερμὸ Μήνυμα συμπαραστάσεως στὸν Πατριάρχη Ἀντιοχείας κ. Ἰωάννη, στὸ ὁποῖο ἐξέφραζε τὸν ἀποτροπιασμό του γιὰ τὶς πράξεις βίας ἐναντίον ἀθώων θυμάτων.
.                 Ὁ Πατριάρχης Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ πάσης Ἀφρικῆς κ. Θεόδωρος ἀπέστειλε ἀμέσως θερμὸ συλλυπητήριο Γράμμα πρὸς τὸν Πατριάρχη Ἀντιοχείας κ. Ἰωάννη, στὸ ὁποῖο ἐξέφραζε τὰ θερμά του συλλυπητήρια πρὸς τὸν Πατριάρχη καὶ τὸν εὐσεβῆ συριακὸ λαό, συγχρόνως δὲ τὴν εὐχή του, «ὅπως ὁ Ἀναστὰς Κύριος Ἰησοῦς κατατάξῃ τὰ παιδία ἐν σκηναῖς Ἁγίων μαρτύρων, ἡ δὲ Παναγία Θεοτόκος, ἡ Ἐλπὶς τῶν ἀπηλπισμένων, παραμυθήσῃ πάντας Ὑμᾶς».
.                     Ὁ δὲ Μακαριώτατος Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Ἀ­θηνῶν καὶ πάσης Ἑλλάδος κ. Ἱερώνυμος μεταξὺ τῶν ἄλλων τόνισε: «Μετὰ βαθυτάτου πόνου ψυχῆς ἐπληροφορήθημεν περὶ τῆς τρομοκρατικῆς ἐπιθέσεως εἰς τὸν Ἱερὸν Ναὸν τῶν Ἁγίων Ἀποστόλων Πέτρου καὶ Παύλου τῆς Σελευκουπόλεως, κατὰ τὴν διάρκειαν λειτουργίας τοῦ Κατηχητικοῦ Σχολείου… Διὰ μίαν εἰσέτι φορὰν διαπιστοῦμεν τὰ τραγικὰ ἀποτελέσματα τοῦ θρησκευτικοῦ μίσους, ὅπερ τυφλοῖ τὸν ἀνθρώπινον νοῦν καὶ καθιστᾷ τὸν ἄνθρωπον δαιμονιώδη, ἱκανὸν ἵνα σκορπίζῃ τὸν θάνατον καὶ τὴν ἀνείπωτον θλῖψιν».
.                     Τί ἄλλο νὰ προσθέσουμε ἐμεῖς στὰ ὅσα θεοφώτιστα δήλωσαν οἱ ἅγιοι Προκαθήμενοι; Αὐτὸ εἶναι τὸ Ἰσλάμ. Νομίζουν μάλιστα οἱ φανατικοὶ Μωαμεθανοὶ ὅτι, ὅσο περισσότερους ἀπίστους σφάξουν, τόσο καλύτερη θέση θὰ ἔχουν στὸν Παράδεισο. Ἄλλωστε στὰ 400 χρόνια τῆς Τουρκοκρατίας, ποτιζόταν ἀπ᾿ ἄκρη σ᾿ ἄκρη τὸ χῶμα τῆς Ἑλλάδος μας ἀπὸ τὰ αἵματα τῶν Ἑλληνόπουλων, ποὺ τὰ ἔσφαζαν σὰν πρόβατα οἱ Ἀγαρηνοί. Ἡ φρικτὴ καὶ ἀποτρόπαια ἱστορία δυστυχῶς συνεχίζεται, χωρὶς νὰ μπορεῖ νὰ τὴν ἀνακόψει κανεὶς Διεθνὴς Ὀργανισμός.

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Η ΚΟΛΑΣΗ ΤΗΣ ΜΕΤΑΒΑΣΕΩΣ ΦΥΛΟΥ «Ἀντιδράστε μὲ κάθε τρόπο πρὸς τὶς σχολικὲς μονάδες»

Ἡ κόλαση τῆς μεταβάσεως φύλου

Τοῦ περιοδ. «Ο ΣΩΤΗΡ»

.             Στὰ χρόνια τῆς Παλαιᾶς Διαθήκης στὸ θεοκρατικὸ βασίλειο τοῦ Ἰσραὴλ ἡ ἠθικὴ παρακμὴ λόγῳ ἀποδοχῆς εἰδωλολατρι­κῶν συνηθειῶν εἶχε φθάσει σὲ τέτοιο σημεῖο κάποτε, ὥστε οἱ γονεῖς νὰ παραδίδουν τὰ παιδιά τους σὲ ἀνθρωποθυσίες στὸ ἄγαλμα τοῦ θεοῦ Μολώχ. Ἡ θυσία πραγματοποιεῖτο μὲ καύση τῶν σαρκῶν τοῦ τρυφεροῦ παιδικοῦ σώματος.
.             Στὴν ἀρχὴ τῆς τρίτης μ.Χ. χιλιετίας σὲ «χριστιανικὲς» χῶρες μιὰ ἄλλου εἴδους ἀνθρωποθυσία λαμβάνει χώρα: αὐτὴ τῆς ἀλλαγῆς φύλου. Ἡ εἴδηση ποὺ ἔρχεται ἀπὸ τὴ Βρεταννία εἶναι συγκλονιστική. Σύμφωνα μὲ τὴν εἰδικὴ ἰδιωτικὴ ὑπηρεσία «UK Deed Poll Service», τουλάχιστον ἕνα παιδὶ κάτω τῶν 16 ἐτῶν κάθε μέρα ζητεῖ τὴν ἀλλαγὴ τοῦ φύλου του. Ἀνώτερη ὑπάλληλος τῆς ὑπηρεσίας δήλωσε ὅτι παρόμοια περιστατικὰ συνέβαιναν κατὰ τὸ παρελθὸν ἕνα κάθε λίγους μῆνες. Σήμερα καταγράφονται 7-10 αἰτήσεις τὴν ἑβδομάδα.
.             Ἡ ἐφημερίδα «Wall Street Journal» σὲ σχετικὸ ἄρθρο της κάνει λόγο γιὰ «κόλαση» ποὺ πολλοὶ γονεῖς βιώνουν, καθὼς νιώθουν ἀναγκασμένοι λόγῳ ἰσχυρῶν πιέσεων ποὺ δέχονται ἀπὸ τὰ παιδιά τους ἡλικίας μόλις 10-16 ἐτῶν, καθὼς καὶ ἀπὸ τοὺς καθοδηγητές τους σ᾿ αὐτὲς τὶς πρακτικές, νὰ συναινέσουν στὴν ἀλλαγὴ τοῦ φύλου τους. Καὶ καθὼς οἱ περισσότερες αἰτήσεις προέρχονται ἀπὸ κορίτσια, βρίσκονται στὴν τραγικὴ θέση νὰ παρακολουθοῦν βῆμα πρὸς βῆμα τὴ συγκεκριμένη διαδικασία μεταβάσεως, ποὺ συνοδεύεται ἀπὸ μόνιμους ἀκρωτηριασμοὺς τῶν σωμάτων τῶν θυγατέρων τους. Τὸ δημο­σίευμα ὁμιλεῖ γιὰ προσφορὰ παιδιῶν «στὸ βωμὸ μιᾶς ἰδεολογίας ποὺ μεταμορφώνει (σ.σ. διάβαζε: καταστρέφει) κυριολεκτικὰ τὸ σῶμα τους καὶ σημαδεύει τὶς ψυχές τους».
.             Λοιπόν; Πόσο ἀπέχει ἡ Βρεταννία ἀπὸ τὴν Ἑλλάδα; Μὲ τὸ διαδίκτυο δὲν ὑπάρχουν πλέον ἀποστάσεις. Καὶ ἡ συγ­κε­κρι­μένη προπαγάνδα εἶναι παγκόσμια καὶ προ­ωθεῖται μὲ τὴν καταβολὴ τεράστιων χρη­ματικῶν ποσῶν. Τὸ πιὸ φρικτὸ ὅμως εἶναι ὅτι στὴν πατρίδα μας γιὰ τρίτη συν­εχῆ χρονιὰ μὲ ἐγκύκλιο τοῦ Ὑπουργείου Παιδείας καλοῦνται οἱ καθηγητὲς νὰ διδάξουν αὐτὲς τὶς ἰδέες ποὺ ὁδηγοῦν στὴν «κόλαση», τόσο σὲ μαθητὲς Γυμνασίων μὲ τὴ λεγόμενη «Θεματικὴ Ἑβδομάδα», ὅσο καὶ σὲ μαθητὲς Λυκείων μὲ συγκεκριμένο ἐγχειρίδιο ποὺ περιέχει σχετικὸ κεφάλαιο.
.             Γονεῖς, ἀντιληφθεῖτε ποῦ ὁδηγοῦνται τὰ βλαστάρια τῆς πατρίδας μας, καὶ ἀντιδράστε μὲ κάθε τρόπο πρὸς τὶς σχολικὲς μονάδες ὅπου φοιτοῦν τὰ παιδιά σας, καθὼς καὶ πρὸς τὸ ἴδιο τὸ Ὑπουργεῖο. Θὰ θέλαμε ποτὲ νὰ περάσουμε τὴν «κόλαση» ποὺ ἤδη περνοῦν οἱ γονεῖς τῶν παιδιῶν στὴ Βρεταννία;

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ΠΟΣΟΣΤΑ «ΠΙΣΤΕΩΣ» ΣΤΗΝ ΕΥΡΩΠΗ

Πι θρησκευόμενοι ρμένιοι κα Γεωργιανοί, πι θεοι ο Τσέχοι
– Πο
βρίσκεται
λλάδα

20.02.2019

.         Ἡ Ἀρμενία (79%) καὶ ἡ Γεωργία (72%) βρίσκονται στὴν κορυφὴ τῆς λίστας μὲ τὴ μεγάλη πλειοψηφία τῶν ἐνηλίκων νὰ δηλώνουν ὅτι πιστεύουν στὸν Θεὸ μὲ ἀπόλυτη βεβαιότητα, ἐνῶ ἡ Γαλλία (11%), ἡ Ἑλβετία (11%) καὶ ἡ Γερμανία (10%) ἦταν οἱ συμμετέχουσες στὴν ἔρευνα χῶρες μὲ τὴ μικρότερη βεβαιότητα ἀναφορικὰ μὲ τὴν ὕπαρξη τοῦ Θεοῦ Σύμφωνα μὲ ἔρευνα τοῦ Pew Research Center στὴν Οὐάσιγκτον, οἱ Δυτικοευρωπαῖοι ἐκφράζουν τὴν πίστη σὲ ἕναν χριστιανικὸ Θεὸ σὲ χαμηλότερα ἐπίπεδα ἀπὸ ὅ,τι οἱ ἄνθρωποι στὴν Κεντρικὴ καὶ Ἀνατολικὴ Εὐρώπη.
.         Αὐτὸ ἀναφέρει στὴν ἱστοσελίδα του τὸ δίκτυο Euronews.
.         Μεταξὺ τῶν χωρῶν τῆς Δυτικῆς Εὐρώπης ποὺ συμμετεῖχαν στὴν ἔρευνα, μόνο στὴν Πορτογαλία (44%) πάνω ἀπὸ τοὺς τρεῖς στοὺς 10 δηλώνουν ὅτι εἶναι ἀπολύτως βέβαιοι ὅτι ὁ Θεὸς ὑπάρχει.
.         Οἱ ἄνθρωποι σὲ πολλὲς ἀπὸ τὶς χῶρες τῆς Κεντρικῆς καὶ Ἀνατολικῆς Εὐρώπης ποὺ συμμετεῖχαν στὴν ἔρευνα ἐξέφρασαν μεγαλύτερη βεβαιότητα γιὰ τὴν ὕπαρξη τοῦ Θεοῦ, συμπεριλαμβανομένης τῆς Ρουμανίας (64%), τῆς Ἑλλάδας (59%) καὶ τῆς Κροατίας (57%).
.         Ἡ ἔρευνα τοῦ Pew Research Center ἔδειξε ἐπίσης ὅτι τὸ ἥμισυ καὶ πλέον τῶν ἐνηλίκων στὴν Ἑλλάδα, τὴ Βοσνία, τὴν Ἀρμενία, τὴ Γεωργία καὶ τὴ Ρουμανία, δήλωσαν ὅτι ἡ θρησκεία ἦταν πολὺ σημαντικὴ στὴ ζωή τους, σὲ σύγκριση μὲ περίπου ἕναν στοὺς 10 ἐνήλικες ποὺ τόνισε τὴ σημασία τῆς θρησκείας στὴ Γαλλία, τὴ Γερμανία καὶ τὸ Ἡνωμένο Βασίλειο.
.         Οἱ χῶρες μὲ τὰ ὑψηλότερα ποσοστὰ πολιτῶν νὰ δηλώνουν ἀνοικτὰ ὅτι δὲν πιστεύουν στὸ Θεὸ ἦταν ἡ Τσεχικὴ Δημοκρατία (66%), ἡ Σουηδία (60%), τὸ Βέλγιο (54%) καὶ ἡ Ὀλλανδία (53%).

ΠΗΓΗ: protothema.gr

 

 

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